When the world is facing a severe problem of Coronavirus Outbreak, Some countries are also facing some other diseases. These diseases are Swine Flu and Bird flu. One such ailment that is raising its head in China, which is, however, fighting with coronavirus, is hantavirus. Do you know what is HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME?
China”s Global Times tweets recently, one man is tested positive for Hantavirus. The Official state media says that the man died on a bus while traveling. He was a resident of Yunnan Province and traveling Shandong Province for work.
What Is Hantavirus?
The National Public Health Institute of the United States, Center for disease control and prevention (CDC) tells us about What Hantavirus actually is. They say that Hantavirus spread by rodents. They can show disease symptoms in humans.
There are two types of Hantavirus regionally. It is the term “New World” Hantavirus in America. Moreover, in Europe and Asia as “Old World” Hantavirus.
Old World Hantavirus causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). On the contrary, the New World Hantavirus causes Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS).
Early indications of HPS incorporate exhaustion, fever, and muscle hurts, particularly in thighs, hips, and back. A tainted individual may likewise encounter cerebral pains, unsteadiness, chills, and stomach issues. If there should arise an occurrence generally side effects, for the most part following four to 10 days. One may show hacking and brevity of breath. It very well may be deadly too now and again.
What Is Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome?
According to the research of CDC, HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME (HPS) is a severe disease that affects the respiratory system of Humans.
According to the CDC, there is a risk of HPS to those who come in contact with rodents that carry Hantavirus. CDC says that there are many chances of healthy individuals for HPS infection if they are exposed to the virus.
The research says that they are almost no chance of transfer of that virus from person to person. The infected person was exposed to the workers but they don’t show any symptoms.
Is This Possible To Treat Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome?
There is no specific cure for HPS infection. However, the treatment of HPS is supportive. It includes oxygen therapy, fluid replacement and use of medicines to support blood pressure during the period of severe respiratory distress in the intensive care unit. It is only possible if infected people are moved early. And if they receive proper medication in ICU they may do better. If a patient is undergoing complete distress, Then the treatment will not be effective.
The incubation time is not confirmed yet. But according to the limited information, the symptoms develop between 1 to 8 weeks after the appearance of fresh urine or saliva of infected rodents.
Initial Symptoms & Indications
Initial symptoms of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome include fatigue, fever, pain in muscles. Such as the muscles of thighs, hips, back, and shoulders, etc. Other symptoms may involve dizziness, vomiting, abdominal pain, etc.
Late Symptoms & Indications
After 4 to 10 days of initial symptoms, the late symptoms would appear. These include shortness of breath and also coughing, with the feeling like someone put a tight band around the chest and pillow over a face. Because lungs are full of fluid.
Therefore, if you see people having these symptoms of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome then take them to the doctor immediately. Make sure to tell the doctor that he is having around rodents.
How People Become Infected with Hantavirus?
The rodents with that virus shed are through urine, droppings, and saliva. This virus then mixes in the air. When humans breathe, the Hantavirus transmit from there. This process is Airborne Transmission.
The other rare case of transformation of Hantavirus to humans is that if rodent bites. The human can also get infected if they touch those places that are contaminated with rodent urine, droppings, or saliva. Also, the food that is contaminated with these can infect humans.
When Has Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Born?
By the sampling of tissues of the patients who died due to adult respiratory syndrome, many other cases of HPS came upon. The earliest case of 38 years old Utah in 1959 is the first victim.