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UNSC meeting on Kashmir issue – a closed-door meeting

UNSC meeting on Kashmir
UNSC meeting on Kashmir

UNSC meeting on Kashmir:

New York: Federal Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi attended a UNSC meeting on Kashmir. He held a joint meeting with Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in New York. He said that India is not ready for bilateral talks on the Kashmir issue.

UNSC meeting on Kashmir
Shah Mehmood Qureshi meeting with António Guterres

Talking to the media after meeting the UN Seniors, the minister said, “Pakistan is sincere for bilateral talks on Kashmir, but India is lagging behind.”

Qureshi discussed various issues, including the Ehsan program, in a meeting with UN General Assembly (UNGA) president Tijjani Muhammad-Bande. The minister thanked the Security Council president for highlighting the Kashmir issue at the council meeting. As nearly five months have passed since the lockdown on the Kashmir valley.

He said, “This is the second time in five months when the UNSC meeting on Kashmir was carried out. “I was aware of the efforts of the Secretary-General of the United Nations to ease tensions in the Middle East. I was aware of the progress of my recent visits to the KSA and Iran.

Qureshi media talk

UNSC meeting on Kashmir
Qureshi in UNSC meeting on Kashmir

After reaching New York, he told the media, “Pakistan is doing everything it can do, to make the situation between Iran and the United States good.” Qureshi spoke to the media. He said his visits to Saudi Arabia and Iran are quite good.

Due to the great pressures in the Middle East after the US killings of Iran leader Qasim Sulaimani and ensuing reprisal by Iran. Prime Minister Imran Khan appoint the foreign minister to visit Iran, KSA, and the US. And their respective Foreign minister and to meet Secretary of State of USA.

FM Qureshi arrived in the US at a time when the UNSC is in a closed-door meeting on Indian-occupied Kashmir. Earlier, UN spokesman Stéphane Dujarric confirmed the meeting of the UN chief with the foreign minister. He said that it was happening at Pakistan’s request.

The United Nations Department of Peace Operations and Political and Peace Building Affairs organized the meeting. It was attended by representatives from 15 countries.

Zhang Jun about UNSC meeting on Kashmir Issue

Moreover, after the meeting, Permanent Representative of China Zhang Jun told the media that according to the Kashmir ground situation, Kashmir has always been on the Security Council agenda. Also the China’s position on Kashmir is clear.

Dmitry Polyanskiy media talk about Pak-India relations

Russia’s delegate Dmitry Polyanskiy said the Kashmir issue is discussed in the closed-door meeting of the Security Council. Russia is keen to normalize Pak-India relations, hopefully, bilateral efforts will resolve differences between Pakistan and India. Even before the meeting, the Russian delegation said in response to a question that they had serious concerns over the Kashmir situation.

Qureshi’s diplomatic meetings

After meeting with UN officials, the Foreign Minister will then visit Washington. Where he will meet with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. Also with National Security Advisor Robert O’Brien and other top US administration officials. He will also hold meetings in Capitol Hill. Moreover, engage with the media, policy think tanks, and Pakistani discourses.

So, Qureshi will focus on Pakistan’s diplomatic reach following the recent tensions in the Middle East with the US leadership. Foreign Minister Qureshi has already visited Iran and Saudi Arabia. Where he held meetings with the leaders of the two countries. With the aim of finding a peaceful resolution and solution of the dispute between the United States and Iran.

Iran Attack: US Troops Attacked With Ballistic Missiles. 80 killed

shot down Ukrainian plane

Iran Attack: Iran has launched a ballistic missile attack on the US military bases in Iraq.

Iran launched more than a dozen missiles that hit two air bases in Irbil and Al Asad, west of Baghdad.

According to Iranian state TV, The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) threatened the United States to retaliate against aggression. They say that it is a retaliation for General Qasim’s death, the attack whose name is ‘Operation Sulaimani’, a successful attack on the military base and US.

If any response to the attack from the US will respond. According to French media, The Islamic Revolutionary (IRGC) threatened to invade Israel. Saying that the US aggression would also target the auxiliary countries.

Iranian leader, Ayatollah Khamenei says that the attack was a slap in the face of the US. This was the most direct attack on the US after seizing the US embassy in Tehran in 1979. Iran claims that 80 people killed in the attack.

The Cheif of staff of Iran’s military, Maj Gen Mohammad Baqeri, says that this was a short part of showing the capabilities of Iran.

Moreover, Iranian Foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, tweeted that Iran took proportionate measures only for self-defense under article-51 of Un charter. He added more that Iran does not want any war or exclamation but defend ourselves against any foreign aggression.

Iran Attack, Mohammad javad zarif tweet

Trump new policies: Power game behind the Middle East.

Trump new policies

A few days ago, US President Donald Trump at his farm house in Florida along with his advisory committee, decides to kill Iranian General Qasim Sulaimani. Therefore, the result comes as Iranian generals arrive at Baghdad airport on January 2 and killed with a drone strike. As these are the Trump new policies to protect his foreign interests.

On the second day of the incident, US forces launched an airstrike on al-Shahad al-Shabaabi, killing six people. This crash will benefit both Iran and Trump. As the Iranian government will succeed in ending the several-day insurgency in Iran. 

Trump new policies

While Trump new policies will cash in such moves in the next US presidential election. These are the front news, while the inside story is not so easy and convenient.

US new Budget

If we look back a few days, we witnessed the US $990 billion historical defense budget that goes unhindered by the American Assembly. Shortly before that, there is an attack on a US air base in Iraq on December 27 that is being blamed on Iran. 

While before these two events we observed that various forces in the region were playing their own tricks to fill the vacuum of power that had been created in Iraq and Syria after the end of ISIS and set their own faces on this chessboard.  Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Turkey are the major players in this field. 

Before the arrival of ISIS, the people of Iraq and Syria were fed up with dictatorship, against which the protests turned into rebellion and the rebellion became ISIS.

Power game

It was a power game that the United States was playing behind ISIS and Iran behind Hezbollah and the Al-Quds Brigade.  As long as ISIS was present in the region, US supremacy was established. US had the power to do whatever she wanted. In other words, the Iranian government tried its best to break the American power. 

Iran used Hezbollah and Al- Quds to break this power. For that, Iran Brigade killed a lot of innocent people in Syria and Yemen to break the impasse, which is a different story.

The world came to this situation that America and Iran are now openly facing each other. The United States has also attacked Qasim Sulaimani and announced that he can go to any extent to maintain his power and importance in the Middle East. 

Direct Attack

This is America’s first direct attack on Iran. While no action has yet been seen from Iranian side except a statement. But no action response to the the US step. One of the reasons is that Iran has never been in a position to confront the US. Direct messing with a big power like the United States is like inviting disaster. 

Therefore, Iran will still try to harm US interests through Hezbollah and the Al-Quds Brigade. Which will led a fire in the Middle East. Therefore, in this situation many countries in the region will damage this situation to worse for their interests.  There will be chaos and escalation on this complex collapse of Middle Eastern politics. After that no one will know that who is with whom.

The United States is struggling to regain its weak power, but the United States also knows that the 21st century is very different from the twentieth century. The United States will have to come to terms with sharing power.

Trump new policies


Finally US will understand that the time for “Powersharing” has arrived. Mostly the game will effect Muslim countries.

In view of the situation, the United States has sent 3500 troops to Kuwait, which will be deployed to Iraq and Libya. Turkey has begun sending Syrian-led mujahidin to Libya, whose salaries have been increased. While Iranian sponsored Hezbollah and the Al-Quds Brigade have already taken their positions.

The US Regime Change project succeeded in Sudan, Bolivia. Change project failed in Syria, Pakistan, Venezuela and Iran. Now the project is underway in Iraq, Lebanon, Libya and Chile. The most devastating will be in Libya and Iraq because the Iraq and Libia will now become a battleground for US, Iran, Russia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia.

Russia will use the Iranian assets and Saudi Arabia will play against Al-Akhwan in Libiya with Russia.  Saudi Arabia and Russia will join on same page and US and Turkey will play power game in Libiya against Russia and Saudia. It sounds strange to hear, but this is power game and interest matters.

Therefore, let see how the old America will regains its power and importance. Therefore, Muslim countries haven’t learned from destruction Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Libya, Nigeria, Somalia.  Now wait for more destruction.

Note: All opinion belongs to writer only.

Written by: Irfan Baloch

Patiala Regiment in Kashmir – An ignored reality

Patiala Regiment- AsianThinkTank
Patiala Regiment

Patiala Regiment

Do you know that there was a Patiala regiment in Kashmir before Tribal intruded? Perhaps the biggest of lies related to the Kashmir Dispute is that the Indian Army had arrived in Kashmir only after the Tribals intruded on 22nd October 1947. Whereas, the reality is that the Indian Army was present in different parts of Jammu and Kashmir on 17th October 1947 which means five days before the Tribals came and ten days before the 27th of October.

This fact came to the light first when Major Khurshid Anwar wrote that they encountered “the first Sikh Regiment of Patiala State” at Uri. These troops from Patiala had been sent to the state of Jammu and Kashmir in the first two weeks of October and were present in three different cities/towns of the state namely, Srinagar, Jammu, and Uri by 17th October. By then, these Patiala Regiment forces were legally a part of the Indian Army.

General Lionel Protip Sen Phrases

Major Khurshid Anwar’s statement was first corroborated by Lieutenant General Lionel Protip Sen of the Indian Army who actively took part in the first Indo-Pak War. L.P. Sen writes in his book;

“I was astonished to find a Battery of Mountain Artillery deployed for action. As I stood watching them with equally surprised Intelligence Officer, the Battery Commander came forward to meet me. As a result of our conversation, I learnt that it was the Patiala Mountain Battery which had been sent to the Valley in answer to the request made by the Maharajah of Jammu and Kashmir, and had been in Kashmir for ten days.”

[Lt. General L.P. Sen, Slender was the Thread: Kashmir Confrontation 1947-48, page. 64]

Major General D. K. Palit

Another Indian Army officer, Major General D. K. Palit, who has authored many books related to war and military history, has this to say regarding this topic;

“The only reinforcements that J&K state forces had prior to the outbreak of hostilities (22nd October, 1947), had been from Patiala State. A request from Maharaja Hari Singh for the military aid had been met by the ruler of Patiala with the despatch of an infantry battalion to Jammu, presumably to replace the local garrison which had been sent forward to Mirpur- Poonch area, and a Mountain Battery, which had been sent up to the Kashmir Valley.”

[Maj. General D.K. Palit, Jammu and Kashmir Arms: History of the J&K Rifles, page. 197]

Famous historian Alastair Lamb has quoted the above mentioned Indian sources and has explained this topic in detail. An extract from his book has been reproduced hereunder for the sake of readers;

“The Government of Jammu and Kashmir during this crucial period was also in contact with the Rulers of a number of Indian States who, despite their own accession to India, may to some degree have been operating independent policies. The Sikh Maharaja of Patiala, for example, in the first two weeks of October 1947 provided his colleague in the State of Jammu and Kashmir with a battalion of infantry and a battery of mountain artillery from his own State Armed Forces.

When Indian troops finally intervened in Jammu and Kashmir on 27 October 1947 they found, apparently to their surprise, Patiala gunners already guarding the vital Srinagar airfield, where they had been encamped since at least 17 October. The Patiala Infantry was stationed in Jammu as reinforcements for the garrison of the Maharaja’s winter capital.

It is possible that they were moved as part of the supply convoys despatched to Jammu and Srinagar by the Government of India in reply to the alleged Pakistani “blockade”. Shortly after the formal intervention of the Indian Army the Maharaja of Patiala, Yadavindra Singh, came to Jammu to command his contingent in person.

Transfer of Power

In that, by October 1947 the Patiala State forces had by the terms of the State’s accession to India (as part of the Patiala and East Punjab States Union) on 5 May 1947 come under the control of the Government of the Indian Union at the moment of the Transfer of Power, this deployment of Patiala State troops raises a number of questions which have yet to be answered, not least how they actually managed to reach the State of Jammu and Kashmir without the fact being reported to the senior British commanders still in the service of the Indian Army (who would surely have informed Mountbatten had they known).

The arrival of such exotic forces could hardly have escaped the notice of the Indian Army observer in the State, Lt.- Colonel Kashmir Singh Katoch. While it is probable that some members of the Indian leadership, including perhaps Sardar Vallabbhai Patel and Baldev Singh, were aware of this development.” [Alastair Lamb, Kashmir: A Disputed Legacy 1846-1990, Roxford Books, 1991. page. 131]

Published Patiala Regiment sources

On a different occasion, Alastair Lamb, on the basis of some published Patiala sources, says that all this had happened at the behest of Jawaharlal Nehru. To quote him;

“Published Patiala sources, which have surely been heavily doctored to accord with the chronology of established Indian mythology, suggest that this intervention took place at the personal request to the Maharaja, Yadavindra Singh, by Jawaharlal Nehru.”

[Birth of a Tragedy: Kashmir 1947, Roxford Books, 1994 , page. 71]

These soldiers from Patiala Regiment were also involved in the genocide of Muslim civilians, especially in Jammu. In this connection, Muhammad Yusuf Saraf writes;
“A few days before the entry of tribesmen, the Maharaja of Patiala had sent an infantry battalion and a Mountain Battery of the Patiala State forces, The former was posted at Jammu while the latter took up position on the Badami Bagh side of the air-field in Srinagar. The Infantry battalion collaborated with the Dogra army and local non-Muslims in the genocide at Jammu but the Mountain Battery which had apparently taken position in the air field was presumably feeling shy of coming in contact with the tribesmen…The commander had been given no targets and his guns were without dial sights. In the confusion that prevailed, neither were they given these dials nor did they ask for them, perhaps because of having been used to the killing of defenceless civilians, they were afraid of facing expert marksmen like the tribesmen. It is also possible that they were afraid of retribution for the crimes they had already committed in Patiala and perhaps elsewhere in East Punjab.”

[Yusuf Saraf, Kashmiris Fight for Freedom. Vol. II, page. 195]

More Facts about Patiala Regiment

These troops from Patiala had also helped the Indian Army in protecting the Srinagar’s airport from the advancing Tribals. In this connection, Christopher Snedden writes in his book “Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris“;
“New Dehli..dispatched the Indian Army to Srinagar on 27 October 1947. There was some uncertainty about whether the Indian Army would land in Srinagar and whether they would meet opposition. Their initial aims, therefore, were to secure Srinagar’s Airport, if possible, then to defend J&K’s summer capital from the advancing Pakhtoons. They achieved both aims, including with some unexpected help in the former task from a small battery of gunners from Patiala who, surprisingly but advantageously, were stationed at Srinagar airport.”

An Indian journalist Prem Shankar Jha whose father (Chandra Shekhar Jha) had represented the Indian case on Kashmir at United Nations also confirms that Indians troops from Patiala were stationed in Kashmir. Prem Shankar Jha, who blames Muslim League and the Tribals for instigating the JK dispute, writes;

“[It’s a] fact that Patiala troops were in Kashmir before the instrument of accession was signed.”

[Prem Shankar Jha, Kashmir 1947: Rival Versions of History, Oxford University Press, 1996. page. 25]

Similarly, Victoria Schofield also confirms the presence of Patiala Regiment in the state before 22nd October but she is not confirmed about the exact date “when the Patiala state forces arrived”.

(See. Victoria Schofield, Kashmir in Conflict: India Pakistan and the Unending War, page. 52)

In the light of all this evidence, it can be said, without any doubt, that Indian soldiers had arrived in the cities of Jammu and Srinagar. This was done before 17th October and Tribals were not the first who “invaded” the state.

الوداع کامریڈ ہیلن بولک – تحریر اظہر رشید

کامریڈ ہیلن بولک
کامریڈ ہیلن بولک

کامریڈ ہیلن بولک

ترکی کے مشہور انقلابی بینڈ گروپ یوروم کی انقلابی موسیقار کامریڈ ہیلن بولک جس کا نام میں نے اس وقت سنا جب وہ ظالم سماج کا مقابلہ انقلابی دھنوں سے کرتے ہوئے دنیا سے چلی گئیں لیکن ایسا محسوس ہوا جیسے بہت قریبی انقلابی ساتھی دنیا سے چلا گیا ہو، یقیناً اک انقلابی موسیقار تمام انقلابیوں کی روح میں عزم، ہمت اور حوصلہ پیدا کرنےکا واحد زریعہ ہوا کرتا ہے.

عظیم انقلابی رہنما چی گویرا کے مشہور زمانہ الفاظ وہ انقلابی نہیں ہو سکتا جسے دنیا کے کسی بھی خطے میں بلند ہونےوالے آزادی کے پرچم کو دیکھ کر شادمانی محسوس نہ ہو” مگر وہ بھی ہر گز انقلابی نہیں ہو سکتا جیسے دنیا کے کسی بھی کونے میں انقلابیوں کے ساتھ ہونے والے ظلم پر درد اور تکلیف محسوس نہ ہو اور وہ اس ظلم کی مذمت نہ کرے

موسیقی ہی نے بائیں بازو کی جدوجہد کو طاقت دی ہے سماج سے موسیقی کو اگر ختم کر دیا جائے تو شاید انسان اگے بڑے کی امید سے محروم ہو جائے موسیقی نے انسان میں احساس اور جزبات کے وہ مظاہرہ عیاں کیے جو انسان پر عیاں نہیں تھے انقلابی موسیقی انسانی ذہن کے ان پردوں کو جھنجھوڑ ا کر رکھ دیتی ہے جو بنیادپرستون کے خوف سے انسانی ذہنوں پر پوست ہو جاتے ہیں شاعری اور موسیقی نے ہمیشہ انسان کو اگے بڑھنے کا حوصلہ عطا لیکن افسوس آج ترکی اور دنیا بھر کے انقلابی اک عظیم موسیقار سے محروم ہو گئے .

کامریڈ ہیلن بولک کا ترانہ

کامریڈ ہیلن بولک کے گروپ نے کچھ عرصہ قبل پہاڑوں میں لرنے والے گوریلوں کے عزم کو بڑھانے کے لئیے اک انقلابی ترانہ ریلیز کیا جس کی پاداش میں ان کے میوزک گروپ پر پابندی لگا کر ان کے دوستوں کو گرفتار کر لیا گیا تھا اپنے میوزک گروپ پر لگنے والی پابندیوں اور انقلابی ساتھیوں کی رہائی کے لیے گزشتہ 288 دنوں سے احتجاجاً بھوک ہڑتال پر تھیں انقلابی بینڈ یوروم 1985 ء قیام میں آیا.

جو اب تک ٢٣ البمز اور ١ فلم ریلیز کر چکا ہے کامریڈ ہیلن بولک کا انقلابی بینڈ ترکی کے بنیاد پرستوں عالمی سرنایہ داروں کے کاسہ لیسوں کے خلاف ترکی کے محنت کشوں کی مضبوط آواز تھی جو بنیادی پرستی اور سامراجیت کے خلاف لڑتے لڑتے دنیا سے چلی بسیں لیکن دنیا بھر کے انقلابیوں کے لیے اک مثال بن گئیں .
آج دنیا بھر کے انقلابی کامریڈ ہیلن بولک کی عظمت اور ان کی جدوجہد کو لال سلام پیش کرت ہیں.
گلوکار گروپ یوروم کا ایک انقلابی ترانہ جسکا اردو زبان میں ترجمہ کیا گیا ہے

ہمیں لڑائی میں ڈال دیا جاتا ہے ، ہم آگے بڑھتے ہیں
ہمارا انقلابی پرچم ہمارے ہاتھ میں ہے
ہم سیلاب زدہ سیٹوں کی طرح دستک دے رہے ہیں
یہ بہتا ہے ، بہتا ہے ، ہم بہتے ہیں
ہمت ، ہمت ، اور ہمت
نجات ہمارے ہاتھ میں ہے
زنجیروں کو توڑ دو ، مستقبل کو توڑ دو
نجات ہمارے ہاتھ میں ہے
آزادی یقینا ہمارے ہاتھ میں ہے
ہمارے ہاتھوں میں آزادی کا جھنڈا
ہمارے بڑھتے ہوئے انقلابی غصے کے سیلاب کے ساتھ
ہم نے دشمن کے قلعوں کو مات دی
عوام کا انصاف ہمیں بااختیار بناتا ہے
کانپتے ، کانپتے لوک دشمن

لال سلام کامریڈ ہیلن بولک.

Read more:

Google Set Up New Features To Support Pakistan against coronavirus outbreak

coronavirus outbreak

ISLAMABAD: The lockdowns due to the coronavirus outbreak, tech monster Google has launched different highlights and reasons to ease the load on media transmission suppliers. And to help remote learning and access to address data in Pakistan.

As indicated by a Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) public statement gave on Wednesday. Google presented new highlights and assets for clients in Pakistan. The reason is to assist them with remaining educated and associated, bolster independent ventures and to contain the spread of falsehood on its foundation.

A week ago the PTA watched the web use in the nation that was expanded by 15 percent because of the lockdowns across Pakistan. The only reason is the coronavirus outbreak. The expansion gets attention because of a head in online exercises by establishments and organizations just as a ‘telecommute approach’ embraced by associations and people.

Google looks through identified with coronavirus now show an “SOS Alert” flag. It is trailed by news from standard outlets and data from perceived wellbeing associations. For example, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Institute of Health (NIH).

Google Set Up Bilingual Chatbox To Address Coronavirus Outbreak

Google launches new features and also resources for Pakistan so that users can get relevant information. These include the expansion of SOS Alerts and Knowledge Panels on Google Search. As well as YouTube Information Panels. So Pakistan launches a bilingual chat box and this feature is especially are designed for Pakistani users. This helps them to stay connected and updated with the latest actual local information.

The coronavirus asset center point gives an exhaustive outline of the Coronavirus outbreak. Data about its manifestations and measures, just as present insights and answers to basic inquiries.

As indicated by Google, Since the start of the year, search enthusiasm for COVID-19 has kept on moving over the world. At present, the disease is the biggest point individuals are searching for internationally, outperforming. Even probably the most widely recognized and reliable questions the stage observers on search.

In spite of launching new highlights on the web search tool, the stage has revealed a site that is accessible at It is concentrated on instruction and counteraction. Individuals can discover state-based data, security and avoidance tips. Also, search patterns identified with COVID-19, and further assets for people, instructors, and organizations.

Google’s CEO Sundar Pichai in a blog entry declared $250 million worth promotion awards to support the WHO. And in excess of 100 government organizations all-around to give basic data on the most proficient method to prevent the spread of Coronavirus.

As indicated by the PTA connection, the stage has given the Pakistan government promotion stock to scatter precise data on a schedule.

Also Read: COVID19 Pandemic Stir the World

New Features So You Can Now Work From Home

Google has additionally presented the sharing of tips and assets for telecommuters and understudies with the goal that they can improve their profitability in the work from home (WFH) conditions.

These tips and highlights incorporate another collection of separation learning arrangements, preparing. And also the assets to support instructors and understudies that remain associated. For example, Google has allowed free access to “cutting edge” highlights for Hangouts Meet and any individual who utilizes it G Suite stage. This means clients will have the option to put up to 250 individuals on a Hangouts Meet call.

It is a whole class or gathering of classes that can join an exercise all the while. The client can live-stream for up to 100,000 watchers inside an area with the goal that they can do a virtual school get together or stream a talk.

In addition, after the coronavirus outbreak, one can record gatherings and spare them to Google Drive. At the point when understudies can’t join an exercise, they’ll have the option to get to the substance later.

Moreover, Google has launched a discourse-based examining application “Bolo”. This uses AI to assist youngsters with perusing so anyone might hear unquestionably, utilizing their own voice. The application is accessible in the Urdu language also.

About Web Traffic | Coronavirus Outbreak

All around, Google has chosen to work with governments and system administrators to limit weight on the frameworks. The stage has chosen to incidentally change the nature of all recordings on YouTube to standard definition.

Netflix has decreased its traffic on media communications arranges in Pakistan by 25 percent while keeping up the nature of its administration. This will be material for 30 days and discusses after the span closes, as per the PTA.

Pakistan has 76 million 3G/4G supporters and 78m broadband endorsers. The PTA figures show that Google’s YouTube is the most visited site in the nation with around 93m month to month visits. It is trailed by “” and “’ at 76m and 51m visits a month, separately.

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COVID19 Pandemic Stir the World

COVID19 Pandemic

COVI-19 Pandemic

How COVID19 Pandemic stirs the world and our response towards it. Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as (MERS-CoV) and (SARS-CoV). Coronaviruses are zoonotic, which means they are transmitted between animals and people. In 2019 Coronavirus disease (COVID19) was detected in the central Chinese city Wuhan. 

In February 2020 china become the center of this Pandemic outbreak. Prior to spreading across the globe, the world thought it is localized to china that’s why the World didn’t take it seriously and ignore the potential of a pandemic. Ignorance of the world towards COVID19 Pandemic shakes the existing system. There are about 198 countries across the world infected by COVID19 Pandemic. 

Here we see how COVID19 Pandemic shakes the world. A month ago, the world was functioning smoothly, governed by an unseen divine order. Nature, politics, economics, societies, and religions each had its place in the universal scheme of things. Suddenly, at the beginning of March, the virus has turned our delusions inside out. It spreads like wildfire. Now millions of people in the world infected and thousands of people gave up on their lives.

If we see the world order we see that the World is split into two halves developed states and developing states. Developed states like China, Italy, Britain, France, and the United States are those states that are capable in every sense. Means they have a huge economy, high-level technology, and notable scientist but still they are incapable to make any vaccine for this virus. On the other side developing states are dependent on developed states for advanced technology because they have no strong economic and political system.

COVID19 Pandemic in Pakistan

Pakistan is a developing state who has no proper strategies that show the vulnerability of the state. In the past 72 years, it only focuses on (traditional security) military equipment instead of (nontraditional) social, food health security. It is the duty of the government to make such strategies that strengthen the whole state not only one department. In the Chaotic situation of the COVID19 pandemic, the state is fragile to deal with millions of patients at a time. Moreover, if the government completely locked down the state then it becomes difficult for the government to provide them livelihood for 2 to 3 months.

But after spreading COVID19 Pandemic in Pakistan most of the areas are completely in lockdown. It creates a severe effect on those people who are working on daily wages. Although the government announced plans for them but there is a problem whether resources reached them or not.

Besides, this pandemic there are many factors that spike panic in society. Pakistan’s population is about 220 million but in hospitals. There are about 22 hundred ventilators out of which only 40- 50 percent functioning ventilators.  Due to Economic instability, we have no advanced technologies like treatment kits, etc. From all facts and figures, we know the fragility and vulnerability of our state but the icing on the cake instead of following precautionary measures. We just ignore the seriousness of pandemic and take it as fun.

Rest At Home Instead Of Rest In Peace.

No doubt, we are Muslims and our belief is every soul shall have a taste of death. But death in isolation is unimaginable because at the time of death everyone wants to saw their loved ones.  No one wants to die in isolation so it’s our duty to take care of ourselves and our loved ones by following precautionary measures.

Read more: What is Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

Written By: Sidra Zubair

Afghanistan Peace Talks- Afghan government sets up a negotiation team

afghanistan peace talks

Afghanistan Peace Talks

KABUL (News Desk) According to the Afghan Ministry of Peace, the Afghan officials have fixup a 21-member team to hold direct Afghanistan peace talks With Taliban to settle conflicts in the nation.

According to the Afghan Ministry od Peace, former counterintelligence chief Mohammad Masoom Stanikzai will head that team. Moreover, they set the Committee after consultation with every section of society, including political parties.

Ministry of peace says that the committee will represent the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in the Afghanistan peace talks With the Taliban.

On February 29, the US signed a peace agreement to resolve the longest war in US history with the Taliban. They pull thousand of US forces from Afghanistan.

The US also plays the role of facilitator to resolve the conflicts of different armed groups, also to the Afghan government to ensure national reconciliation.

The United States had assured the Taliban that the Afghan government will ensure the release of 5000 Militants in prison.

On the contrary, the Taliban will release 1000 Afghan prisoners in return. From the Past two weeks, both the Afghanistan government and the Taliban held 2 long teleconferences. Therefore, this is to initiate Afghanistan peace talks and ensure the release of prisoners.

According to the source, Taliban deligation will visit Bagram jail in the north of Kabul soon. They will identify the that are included in the release list.

Peace Talks With Taliban

The peace treaty in Doha on February 29, 2020, signed by US Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban co-founder Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. Both parties “the United States and the Taliban militant group” agreed to end the longest war. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo attended the ceremony as a witness to the signing of the agreement. Moreover, Intra- Afghanistan peace talks were also decided in the coming days.

Read more: Peace Talks with Taliban- What’s Inside The Deal To End War & Pullout Of US Troops?

دنیا، کورونا وائرس کے بعد۔ ترجمہ و تلخیص – – – عرفان بلوچ

دنیا، کورونا وائرس کے بعد

یووال نوح حراری
فنانشل ٹائنز۔20 مارچ 2020
ترجمہ و تلخیص – – – عرفان بلوچ

انسانیت کو اب کورونا وائرس جو کہ ایک عالمی بحران ہے، کا سامنا ہے۔ شاید ہماری نسل کا سب سے بڑا بحران۔ اگلے چند ہفتوں میں عوام اور حکومتوں نے جو فیصلے کرنے ہیں وہ شاید آنے والے برسوں کے لئے دنیا کی تشکیل کریں گے۔ وہ نہ صرف ہماری صحت کے نگہداشت کے نظام بلکہ ہماری معیشت، سیاست اور ثقافت کو بھی تشکیل دیں گے۔

ہمیں جلد اور فیصلہ کن کام کرنے چاہئیں۔ ہمیں اپنے افعال کے طویل مدتی نتائج کو بھی مدنظر رکھنا چاہئے۔ متبادل کے درمیان انتخاب کرتے وقت، ہمیں خود سے نہ صرف یہ پوچھنا چاہئے کہ فوری خطرے پر قابو کیسے پایا جائے ، بلکہ طوفان کے گزرنے کے بعد ہم کس قسم کی دنیا میں آباد ہوں گے، یہ بھی سوچنا ہے. ہاں ، طوفان گزرے گا ، انسانیت زندہ رہے گی ، ہم میں سے بیشتر اب بھی زندہ ہوں گے – لیکن ہم ایک مختلف دنیا میں آباد ہوں گے۔

بہت سے قلیل مدتی ہنگامی اقدامات زندگی کا سامان بن جائیں گے۔ یہ ہنگامی صورتحال کی فطرت ہے کہ وہ تاریخی عمل کو تیزی سے آگے بڑھاتے ہیں۔ ایسے فیصلوں پر عام اوقات میں غور و خوض کے لیے کئی سال لگ سکتے ہیں۔ غیر مصدقہ اور حتی کہ خطرناک ٹیکنالوجیز کو زبردستی خدمت میں لایا جاتا ہے، کیونکہ کچھ نہ کرنے کے خطرات زیادہ ہوتے ہیں۔۔

جب ہر شخص گھر سے کام کرے اور صرف ایک فاصلے پر بات چیت کرے تو کیا ہوتا ہے؟ جب پورے اسکول اور یونیورسٹیاں آن لائن ہوجاتی ہیں تو کیا ہوتا ہے؟ عام اوقات میں ، حکومتیں ، کاروبار اور تعلیمی بورڈ کبھی بھی ایسے تجربات کرنے پر راضی نہیں ہوتے۔ لیکن یہ معمول کے اوقات نہیں ہیں۔

بحران کے اس دور میں ، ہمیں دو خاص طور پر اہم انتخاب کا سامنا کرنا پڑا ہے۔ پہلا نگرانی اور شہری بااختیار بنانے کے درمیان ہے۔ دوسرا قوم پرست تنہائی اور عالمی یکجہتی کے درمیان ہے۔

جلد کی زیر نگرانی

کورونا وائرس وبا کو روکنے کے لئے ، پوری آبادی کو کچھ رہنما اصولوں پر عمل کرنے کی ضرورت ہے۔ اس کے حصول کے دو اہم طریقے ہیں۔ ایک طریقہ یہ ہے کہ حکومت لوگوں کی نگرانی کرے ، اور قواعد کو توڑنے والوں کو سزا دے۔ آج ، انسانی تاریخ میں پہلی بار ، ٹکنالوجی ہر وقت ہر شخص کی نگرانی ممکن بناتی ہے۔

پچاس سال پہلے، کے جی بی 240 ملین سوویت شہریوں کی 24 گھنٹے نگرانی نہیں کرسکتی تھی ، اور نہ ہی کے جی بی اس سے جمع کی گئی تمام معلومات کو موثر طریقے سے کارروائی میں لانے کی امید کرسکتی تھی ۔ کے جی بی انسانی ایجنٹوں اور تجزیہ کاروں پر انحصار کرتی ہے، اور یہ ہر شہری کی نگرانی کرنے کے لئے کسی انسانی ایجنٹ کو نہیں رکھ سکتی تھی۔ لیکن اب حکومتیں گوشت اور خون کے نشانوں کی بجائے ہر جگہ سینسرز اور طاقتور الگورتھم پر انحصار کرسکتی ہیں۔

کورونا وائرس کی وبا کے خلاف اپنی لڑائی میں متعدد حکومتوں نے نگرانی کے نئے اوزار پہلے ہی تعینات کردیئے ہیں۔ سب سے اہم معاملہ چین کا ہے۔ لوگوں کے اسمارٹ فونز کی کڑی نگرانی، سینکڑوں لاکھوں چہروں کو پہچاننے والے کیمروں کا استعمال، اور لوگوں کو اپنے جسمانی درجہ حرارت اور طبی حالت کی جانچ پڑتال اور اطلاع دینے پر مجبور کرنے کے ذریعے ، چینی حکام نہ صرف مشتبہ کورونا وائرس مریضوں کی جلد شناخت کرسکتے ہیں، بلکہ ان کی نقل و حرکت کا بھی پتہ لگا سکتے ہیں۔ کون کس کس شخص سے ملا ہے یا کون کب کس شخص سے رابطے میں رہا یہ بھی پتہ لگا لیتے ہیں ۔ متعدد موبائل ایپس شہریوں کو متاثرہ مریضوں کے قریب جاتے ہی متنبہ کرتی ہیں۔

اس قسم کی ٹیکنالوجی صرف مشرقی ایشیاء تک ہی محدود نہیں ہے۔ اسرائیل کے وزیر اعظم بنیامین نیتن یاھو نے حال ہی میں اسرائیلی سیکیورٹی ایجنسی کو یہ اختیار دیا تھا کہ وہ عام طور پر اس بیماری سے لڑنے کے لیے اور کورونا وائرس کے مریضوں کا سراغ لگانے کے لئے مخصوص نگرانی کی ٹیکنالوجی کی تعیناتی کرے۔ جب متعلقہ پارلیمانی ذیلی کمیٹی نے اس اقدام کو اختیار دینے سے انکار کردیا تو نیتن یاہو نے ایک “ہنگامی فرمان” کے ذریعہ اس کو اختیار کو لاگو کر دیا.

آپ بحث کر سکتے ہیں کہ یہ کوئی کوئی نئی بات نہیں ہے۔ حالیہ برسوں میں ، حکومتیں اور کارپوریشنز دونوں، لوگوں کو ٹریک کرنے ، نگرانی کرنے اور جوڑتوڑ کرنے کے لئے اب تک کی جدید ترین ٹیکنالوجیز استعمال کرتی رہی ہیں۔ اس کے باوجود اگر ہم محتاط نہ رہیں تو ، وبائی بیماری اس کے باوجود نگرانی کی تاریخ میں ایک اہم موڑ کو جنم دے سکتی ہے۔

نہ صرف اس لئے کہ یہ ان ممالک میں بڑے پیمانے پر نگرانی کے آلات کی تعیناتی کو معمول بنا سکتی ہے جو اب تک ان کو مسترد کرچکے ہیں ، بلکہ اس سے بھی زیادہ اس وجہ سے کہ یہ “جلد کے اوپر” سے “جلد کے نیچے” نگرانی میں ڈرامائی منتقلی کی علامت ہے۔

اب تک، جب آپ کی انگلی نے آپ کے اسمارٹ فون کی سکرین کو چھو لیا اور کسی لنک پر کلک کیا تو ، حکومت جاننا چاہتی تھی کہ آپ کی انگلی بالکل کس چیز پر کلک کر رہی ہے۔ لیکن کورونا وائرس کے ساتھ، دلچسپی کا مرکز تبدیل ہو گیا ہے۔ اب حکومت آپ کی انگلی کا درجہ حرارت اور اس کی جلد کے نیچے بلڈ پریشر کے بارے میں جاننا چاہتی ہے۔

جہاں ہم نگرانی پر کھڑے ہیں وہاں کام کرنے میں ہمیں ایک پریشانی یہ ہے کہ ہم میں سے کسی کو قطعی طور پر نہیں معلوم کہ ہم پر کس طرح نگرانی کی جارہی ہے ، اور آنے والے سال کیا لائیں گے۔ نگرانی کی ٹیکنالوجی نہایت ہی تیز رفتاری سے ترقی کر رہی ہے ، اور جو 10 سال پہلے سائنس فکشن لگ رہا تھا وہ اب حقیقت میں وقوع پذیر ہو چکا ہے۔

یہ جاننے کیلئے آپ ایک فرضی حکومت پر غور کریں جس کا مطالبہ ہے کہ ہر شہری ایک بایومیٹرک کڑا پہنے جو دن میں 24 گھنٹے جسمانی درجہ حرارت اور دل کی شرح پر نظر رکھتا ہے۔ نتیجے کے اعداد و شمار کو حکومتی الگورتھم کے ذریعہ جمع اور تجزیہ کیا جاتا ہے۔

الگورتھم جان لیں گے کہ آپ کو معلوم ہونے سے پہلے ہی آپ بیمار ہیں، اور انہیں یہ بھی پتہ چل جائے گا کہ آپ کہاں تھے اور کس سے ملے ہیں۔ انفیکشن کی زنجیروں کو تیزی سے توڑا جاسکتا ہے ، اور یہاں تک کہ اس کو مکمل طور پر کاٹا جاسکتا ہے۔ اس طرح کا سسٹم کچھ دنوں میں اپنی فعالیت کی وجہ سے وبا کو روک سکتا ہے ایسا سننے میں بہت اچھا لگتا ہے نا.؟

یقینا نقصان یہ ہے کہ اس سے ایک خوفناک اور جدید نگرانی کے نظام کو قانونی حیثیت ملے گی۔ اگر آپ جانتے ہو ، مثال کے طور پر ، کہ میں نے سی این این کے لنک کے بجائے فاکس نیوز کے لنک پر کلک کیا ہے ، جو آپ کو میرے سیاسی نظریات اور حتی کہ میری شخصیت کے بارے میں بھی بہت کچھ بتا سکتا ہے۔

لیکن اگر آپ نگرانی کر سکتے ہیں کہ میرے جسمانی درجہ حرارت، بلڈ پریشر اور دل کی دھڑکن سے کیا ہوتا ہے، جیسے ہی میں ویڈیو کلپ دیکھ رہا ہوں، آپ یہ سیکھ سکتے ہیں کہ مجھے کس بات پر ہنسنا پڑتا ہے، کس چیز سے مجھے رونا آتا ہے، اور کیا مجھے واقعی، ناراض کرتا ہے۔

یہ یاد رکھنا بہت ضروری ہے کہ غصہ، مسرت، بوریت اور محبت بخار اور کھانسی کی طرح حیاتیاتی مظاہر ہیں۔ کھانسی کی نشاندہی کرنے والی وہی ٹکنالوجی آپ کی ہنسی کی بھی شناخت کر سکتی ہے۔ اگر کارپوریشنز اور حکومتیں ہمارے بائیو میٹرک ڈیٹا کو بڑے پیمانے پر حاصل کرنا شروع کردیتی ہیں تو، وہ ہمیں اپنے آپ سے کہیں زیادہ بہتر طور پر جان سکتے ہیں، اور پھر وہ نہ صرف ہمارے جذبات کی پیشین گوئی کرسکتے ہیں بلکہ ہمارے جذبات کو جوڑ سکتے ہیں اور ہمیں جو کچھ بھی بیچنا چاہیں بیچ سکتے ہیں۔

2030 میں شمالی کوریا کا تصور کریں، جب ہر شہری کو دن میں 24 گھنٹے بائیو میٹرک کڑا پہننا ہو گا۔ اگر آپ کسی عظیم کورین قائد کی تقریر سن رہے ہیں اور آپ یہ بائیو میٹرک کڑا اس تقریر کے دوران، غصے کی علامت کو ظاہر کرتا ہےتو، آپ کا انجام کیا ہو گا؟

مزید پڑھیے

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What Is Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome? | Symptoms & Cure


When the world is facing a severe problem of Coronavirus Outbreak, Some countries are also facing some other diseases. These diseases are Swine Flu and Bird flu. One such ailment that is raising its head in China, which is, however, fighting with coronavirus, is hantavirus. Do you know what is HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME?

China”s Global Times tweets recently, one man is tested positive for Hantavirus. The Official state media says that the man died on a bus while traveling. He was a resident of Yunnan Province and traveling Shandong Province for work.

What Is Hantavirus?

The National Public Health Institute of the United States, Center for disease control and prevention (CDC) tells us about What Hantavirus actually is. They say that Hantavirus spread by rodents. They can show disease symptoms in humans.

There are two types of Hantavirus regionally. It is the term “New World” Hantavirus in America. Moreover, in Europe and Asia as “Old World” Hantavirus.

Old World Hantavirus causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). On the contrary, the New World Hantavirus causes Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS).

Early indications of HPS incorporate exhaustion, fever, and muscle hurts, particularly in thighs, hips, and back. A tainted individual may likewise encounter cerebral pains, unsteadiness, chills, and stomach issues. If there should arise an occurrence generally side effects, for the most part following four to 10 days. One may show hacking and brevity of breath. It very well may be deadly too now and again.

What Is Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome?

According to the research of CDC, HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME (HPS) is a severe disease that affects the respiratory system of Humans.

According to the CDC, there is a risk of HPS to those who come in contact with rodents that carry Hantavirus. CDC says that there are many chances of healthy individuals for HPS infection if they are exposed to the virus.

The research says that they are almost no chance of transfer of that virus from person to person. The infected person was exposed to the workers but they don’t show any symptoms.

Is This Possible To Treat Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome?

There is no specific cure for HPS infection. However, the treatment of HPS is supportive. It includes oxygen therapy, fluid replacement and use of medicines to support blood pressure during the period of severe respiratory distress in the intensive care unit. It is only possible if infected people are moved early. And if they receive proper medication in ICU they may do better. If a patient is undergoing complete distress, Then the treatment will not be effective.

The incubation time is not confirmed yet. But according to the limited information, the symptoms develop between 1 to 8 weeks after the appearance of fresh urine or saliva of infected rodents.

Initial Symptoms & Indications

Initial symptoms of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome include fatigue, fever, pain in muscles. Such as the muscles of thighs, hips, back, and shoulders, etc. Other symptoms may involve dizziness, vomiting, abdominal pain, etc.

Late Symptoms & Indications

After 4 to 10 days of initial symptoms, the late symptoms would appear. These include shortness of breath and also coughing, with the feeling like someone put a tight band around the chest and pillow over a face. Because lungs are full of fluid.

Therefore, if you see people having these symptoms of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome then take them to the doctor immediately. Make sure to tell the doctor that he is having around rodents.

How People Become Infected with Hantavirus?

The rodents with that virus shed are through urine, droppings, and saliva. This virus then mixes in the air. When humans breathe, the Hantavirus transmit from there. This process is Airborne Transmission.

The other rare case of transformation of Hantavirus to humans is that if rodent bites. The human can also get infected if they touch those places that are contaminated with rodent urine, droppings, or saliva. Also, the food that is contaminated with these can infect humans.

When Has Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Born?

By the sampling of tissues of the patients who died due to adult respiratory syndrome, many other cases of HPS came upon. The earliest case of 38 years old Utah in 1959 is the first victim.


چودہ دن تک مکمّل لاک ڈاؤن کا فیصلہ مگر عوام کے لیے ضروریات زندگی کی کوئی واضح حکمت عملی نہیں

لاک ڈاؤن

چودہ دن تک مکمّل لاک ڈاؤن کا فیصلہ مگر عوام کے لیے ضروریات زندگی کی کوئی واضح حکمت عملی نہیں. ” اظہر رشید”

ریاست پاکستان اور اس کے زیر انتظام کشمیر میں عوام کی اکثریت کا ذریعہ آمدن دیہاڑداری ہے جن میں سرکاری ملازمین اور بڑے کاروباری حضرات کے علاوہ تمام ہی شعبہ زندگی سے منسلک لوگ شامل ہیں. جہاں ریاست کھانا پینا تو دور کی بات صحت کی سہولیات بھی شہریوں کو مفت مہیا نہی کر رہی وہاں ١٤ دن تک بغیر کسی عوام دوست حکمت عملی کے لاک ڈاؤن کرنا انتہائی نااہل فیصلہ ہے ہان اس میں کوئی دورائے ۔نہیں ہے کے کرونا جیسی وبا سے بچاو کا واحد راستہ بھی مکمل لاک ڈاؤن ہی تھا.

عوامی رائے بھی یہی تھی کے ملک کو مکمل لاک ڈاؤن کیا جانا چاہیے لیکن عوام کو بے یار و مددگار چھوڑ کر نہیں بلکے اک منظم حکمت عملی کے ساتھ یہ قدم اٹھایا جانا چاہیے. عوام اس وقت فقط فلاحی بہبود کے لئے کام کرنے والے رضاکاروں کے ہے لیکن سوال یہ یے کے کیا حالات کا مقابلہ ایسی نااہلی کے ساتھ ممکن ہے تو جواب منفی میں ہی ملتا ہے کچھ بنیادی اور عوام دوست اقدامات نہ کئے گئے تو حالات کرونا سے بدتر ہوں گے. حکومت کو ضلعی اور علاقائی سطح پر انتظامیہ کے زریعے عوام کے لیے راشن اور دیگر ضروریات زندگی فراہم کرنا ہوں گی. اس مشکل وقت میں عوامی فلاح کے لیے سرگرم لوگوں سے تعاون اور کرونا سے بچاو کی احتیاطی تدابیر پر عمل کرنا ہر ذمہدار شہری پر فرض ہے.


سماجی فلاح و بہبود کے لئے مخیر حضرات سے بھرپور تعاون کی اپیل ہے۔ یہ وقت ہے کہ ہم انسانیت کے ناطے بلاتفریق رنگ، نسل، ذات مذہب انسانی خدمت کے لئے اپنا کردار ادا کرتے ہوئے ضرورت مند لوگوں کے چولہے بجھنے سے بچائیں۔ ہمارا حکومت سے یہ مطالبہ ہے کےحکومت تمام ہسپتالوں کو نیشنلائز کرے تاکہ عوام کو بہتر طبی سہولیات مہیا ہو سکیں اور تمام تر ملکی وسائل کو عوام کی بنیادی ضروریات کی فراہمی کے لئے بروکار لائے.

مزید پڑھیے

تحریر اظہر رشید




JACK MA Foundation is a Charitable Organization, Jack Ma started that foundation in 2014. He is an Executive Chairman of Alibaba Group. Moreover, the motto of the FOUNDATION is to promote human development. It includes from education to the environment. They want to make a sustainable model and a better world.


ALIBABA FOUNDATION is also a non-governmental organization that is also working for the betterment of human development. In Pakistan, more than 10,000 people die due to insufficient blood. So ALIBABA FOUNDATION stated a blood donor bank here. They are also working like this in different states.


As the Coronavirus Outbreak is very high in Asia nowadays. Asian countries are developing countries with less medical equipment. In this dangerous situation, JACK MA and ALIBABA FOUNDATION stepped up. They are now ready to help Asian states.

JACK MA & ALIBABA FOUNDATION aid 2 million masks, 150,000 testing kits, almost 20 thousand sets of protective gear and 20 thousand face shield to Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, and Indonesia.

Yesterday, they contact the government of Afghanistan, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Maldives, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Srilanka to donate 1.8 million masks, 210,000 testing kits, and 36,000 protective clothes.

Moreover, JACK MA said on twitter that we will provide aid to 10 more Asian countries. Therefore, fast delivery is not an easy task, we will have to complete that task.


Some of the logistics will be transported through the center of the Electronic World Trade Platform in Malaysia.

This epidemic outbreak brought many challenges to the world. Asian counties have a short number of working ventilators, As Patients of coronavirus needs the ventilators for their breath.

Pakistan ordered the ventilators from Germany, but they refuse to provide a large number of ventilators in a short span of time.

Causes of Water Pollution | How Water Degradation Affects Human Life?

Causes of water pollution.

Do You Know About Water Pollution?

Water pollution is the type of pollution in which water is mingling with the impurities. Mainly human activities are responsible for this act. When there is a slight change in the natural environment then it is called water pollution. There are different causes of water pollution. These causes had destroyed water bodies on earth. Water bodies are different types that include for example lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers, and groundwater.

First, we have to measure the quantity of water and its forms. The Earth contains almost 1.386 billion km³ (333 million cubic miles) volume of water. Out of that 97.5% is salty water and 2.5% is Freshwater. The most interesting fact is that only 0.3% of freshwater is in liquid form.

What Are The Causes Of Water Pollution?

There are different reasons for water pollution and here we are mentioning some of them. As we mentioned above the percentage of water on earth. But do you know that almost 70% of the industrial waste is dumped in water that are the main causes of water pollution. According to a report, water is polluted with 80% of domestic sewage. Water is the main part of life. We produce almost 6 billion pounds of garbage mainly plastic that is dumped in the oceans every year. Due to that polluted water different diseases formed like Cholera and Typhus. According to one report, 15 million children under 5 years of age die because of drinking that contaminated water.

Water Issues In Developing Countries

Asian Rivers and lakes contain the most polluted and impure water than any other continent. Mainly, these lakes contain Bacteria of Human waste. According to the report, almost two million tons of human waste is released in water daily.

People in developing countries depend on agriculture. For that, they need fresh water for cropping. But due to shortage of the freshwater, they use contaminated water. That contaminated water contains different chemicals that are transferred into human bodies.

Water Scarcity Effects

After the causes of water pollution, There are 4 different areas that lie underwater scarcity effects.

  1. Health: Due to a shortage of fresh water, people in developing countries drink water from streams. Mainly, these streams contain contaminated water that causes health problems. So we have noticed that mainly contaminated water is in standing position. Different insects like mosquito breed in that water and cause Malaria like diseases.
  2. Hunger: We know that a lot of water is needed for yielding crops. When water is polluted and we have less amount of freshwater that cause deaths to farms and yields. That process will cause hunger.
  3. Education: You are thinking right now that what is the relation between water and education?. Right? But have you ever noticed the life of rural areas?. When they wake up the first thing they have to do is to bring water. They walk miles and miles for that to bring water. Children sometimes miss the school timing for that and when they have to bring water daily. Now you can imagine, how hard is that problem.
  4. Poverty: When water is polluted, there will be no food and no hotels, no restaurants, no tourists. That means no foreign investments. As everything needs water, so definitely the causes of water pollution generate poverty.

The Sources Of Water Pollution

There are different sources of water pollution,

Sewage ( Water Waste)

Water waste that comes from domestic use and industrial use. This is the main source of water pollution. We have to convert that water waste into environment-friendly.

Agriculture Pollution

Another source of water pollution is agricultural pollution. Moreover, most of the countries are agricultural-based counties. They use fertilizers, animal waste, and also pesticides that are the causes of water pollution.

Oil pollution

Oil spillage causes oil pollution, this is due to shipwreck in oceans and seas. Do you know there are 1800 spillage cases since 1970? That causes a lot of problems for aquatic lives. Moreover, you can read the report on Oil pollution Click here.

Radioactive Substances

Radioactive Substances are another source of water pollution. Moreover, Radioactive Substances are practicable in different industries and Nuclear Power plants. Their waste is deposit into the water that becomes the causes of water pollution and also creates serious problems force environment.

What Are The Effects Of Water Pollution?

We know how serious are the effects of water pollution, here I mentioned some of the effects.

Effects Of Water Pollution On Human Health

According to the WHO report, almost 485,000 people died each year due to water pollution. Contaminated water also makes people ill. It causes many diseases that affect human beings.

Causes of Water Pollution.

Effects Of Water Pollution On The Environment

We know that to live a healthy life, we need a better environment, fresh water, fresh food, that are the basic need of every living thing. When water contaminates, it decreases the oxygen level, again affects the marine ecosystem. There are many marine species that are endangering species due to water pollution. According to the WHO report, by 2025, half of the world will live in a water-stressed area.

What Can You Do To Prevent The Causes Of Water Pollution?

Everyone can contribute to overcoming the Causes of Water Pollution.

  1. Reduce the consumption of plastic or reduce or reuse if it can be.
  2. Convert the waste material into eco-friendly, so that it can’t affect the environment.
  3. Also, reduce pesticides or fertilizers.
  4. Follow Clean Water’s Acts.
  5. Finally, Suggest to us, some other ways to save our water.

Also Read:

Bureaucratic Dilemma-Bureaucratic Structure Challenges & Prospects

More Chronic than Coronavirus Outbreak – A different perspective

COVID19 Pandemic

Coronavirus Outbreak

From the Black Death to smallpox, Sars to Avian Influenza. Moreover, Ebola to Leprosy we the humans fought and came out victorious every time. Human beings together have always been warriors, survivors, and winners. The diseases which were said to be untreatable are averting now by pre-disease vaccines. The recent coronavirus outbreak has taken thousands of lives worldwide. And it is concerning but certainly, the research is going on and a breakthrough will be soon achieved. As it is an uncertain outbreak and we all are united against it and with the progress researchers have made it can be claimed that soon the cure will be introduced. Apart from this there is another side of the coin. A perspective that haunts this system from centuries.

Capitalism’s Crop

The issue to which concern is need of all humanity especially intellectuals, policymakers, political and environmental activists and Educational institutions is the current economic system. This system has been effecting humanity much more than any virus. Like, a crop can’t rise without seeds, water, and proper care, this crop of Capitalism has also not grown up in wild.

Many proper systematic organizations and man-made ideologies grow this crop and take care of it as it generates them uncountable profits and power over the rest. From investors investing in politicians to policymakers and later using them for there benefits like industrial Cuts in taxes to policies banning unions to make sure no one organizes against this hegemony. (“Big Brother is watching” from the book 1984)

21st Century Tools- Coronavirus Outbreak

In this 21st century, no one is unaware of the tool. Creating the problem and then solving problems to get paid for solving the problems you created. Just like creating a software virus and then making an anti-virus and selling it in the market. Replacing traditional reproductive seeds with GMO from international monopolies that provide seeds. Which after a few times don’t reproduce are easy for pests to attack and later these companies also sell pesticides. Well, this has also been happening as creating human viruses and selling its cure but it is quite more complex than that. The Recent 8 to 10 years have been real eye-openers for the people around the globe.

They have openly challenged neoliberal imperialism. From France to Chile or from IRAN to Sudan people have been openly Rebelling against capitalist policies of there states and this movement seemed to grow and never stopped. Capitalism is more worth than a few lives around the globe. To save Capitalism and to dismantle the aggression of people against the states which were seen to grow at the top in the last two years many tools like coronavirus outbreak are on standby.

A Game

The Capitalists are pure evils. What more can you expect from the people who run a system which only cares about profit? (John Perkin in “Confessions of Economic Hitman “) writes how Imperialists using debiting policy states take control. So when even their controlled states have failed to keep the system running they use such Viruses. You can see Governments all over the world control all sports events, jobs, colleges. Also, medical facilities, whether or not you can leave your house and controls all travels.

And you guys wondering why they use and develop viruses to scare the public. They now Control you and Everything about your life. See how easy it was? Mass Panic, Hysteria, complete control. Of, literally, the world. Over a virus, one that’s survival rates are even extremely high. All freedom has been limited overnight. See how easy that was?

So we conclude that the current economic system is not only benefiting a few sitting behind the curtains but also is the worst enemy of the majority of humankind and it has to be changed.

Read More about, What is Coronavirus?

Content By: Usama Mumtaz

Student of Governance and Public Policies

Bureaucratic Dilemma-Bureaucratic Structure Challenges & Prospects

Bureaucratic structure

Bureaucratic Structure

Pakistan’s Bureaucratic structure inherited from the British Colonial Regime. Indeed Max Weber was first to describe that term which derived the theory of bureaucracy. When the British captured the subcontinent and they adopted it because it was considered the best administrative practice.

On the other hand another notable person Woodrow Wilson raised the conceptual difference between policy formulators and implementers. He argued policy formulation is the sole responsibility of elected officials or politicians similarly implementation for bureaucrats.

British, as well as the developed world, successfully adopted the separation of ideas. During their colonial rule, the British government formulated policies while bureaucracy implemented such policies. Their role was restricted to implementation and had no concern with the formulation. When Pakistan got independence it acquired that bureaucratic structure.

Almost seventy years have passed each government made slight changes in the existing bureaucratic structure according to their interests. Because of the reason they wanted loyal bureaucrats to carry out their instructions.

Additional reforms introduced in Ayub Khan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Parvez Musharraf era. As an outcome, it failed to deliver services to the public.

Why public organizations such as Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) and Steel Mills fell into losses.? Because there was tough competition out there and the private sector was adopting advance effective tools. While these public organizations relied on traditional tools. Hence they couldn’t compete with the private sector.

What Is The Bureaucracy?

We can consider Bureaucracy as a machinery of government so it has desperate significance. In the 1980s Margret Thatcher’s government in the United Kingdom, Respectively Ronald Regan government in the United States introduced radical changes in a bureaucratic structure. They realized the environment has been changed and the existing system is incompetent to deliver. Therefore they emerged a new structure, today called New Public Management. It has changed the whole paradigm towards bureaucrats, contemporarily repute as public managers.

Unfortunately, we could not change the entire structure. We just introduced additional reforms to keep the status quo. There are public administrators, not public managers. Due to which they use traditional practices to tackle the existing complex issues ultimately leads to failure. Endemic red tape is common among them. If we make classification of our bureaucrats we have climbers and their interest is to get promotion to the higher level. Protectorate and they are concerned with the safety of their career. Advocates and they defend policies of their institution. But sadly we don’t have ‘’statemen’’ who are concerned and work for the welfare of the public.

They don’t have the capacity and capability to deliver services efficiently. Bureaucrats are risk-averse and stick with the process. Because they think if we don’t follow the rules of procedure and project fails then we would be accountable for not following it. They are not accountable for ends of the policy or programs but for the rules and procedures.

Pakistan’s Bureaucratic Problems

Lack of intuitionalism in bureaucratic structure blocked the emergence of effective norms in the public sector. The general public doesn’t have trust and questions the legitimization regarding their decisions. The top-down approach is their choice in implementing policies against the bottom up. The specific performance measurement mechanism is absent. The repetition of traditional practices in fulfilling duties has been easy for them. They don’t have grounds to develop new effective practices and changeable decisions making power over the process.

Weak accountability process whether it is a legal or bureaucratic form of accountability. Whenever they appear in the court for legal accountability if any policy or program does not produce desired results they argue we have just followed rules and procedures. The complexity of legal procedure causes a lot of wastage of precious time and benefits to them. While in the bureaucratic accountability case, their modus operandi has been such to provide support to each other.

Also Read:

Passport Of Pakistan and immigration- Types Of Passports

Traditional Bureaucratic Structure

Traditional bureaucracy has become out-of-date around the globe and we are still possessed. With the passage of time societies has evolved and issues became complex. It is an era of change. Therefore we have to replace existing public administration with new public management.

Public managers would be involved in the whole process of policy process including agenda setting, policy formulation, decision making, implementation, & evaluation. Their focus will be on outputs rather than on the process. The market-oriented practice brought to resolve the ever-evolving issue.

Similar to the private, public sector managers would be responsible for the ends, not the process. They will involve in organizing, staffing, hiring, budgeting and all other aspects of management. It will emerge norms that will lead to effective practices and embed in the bureaucratic structure. Public Managers will respond to ordinary citizen’s demands. Similar to the developed countries governments, could contract out services with the private sector in order to achieve efficiency and maintain competition. Strong performance measurement indicators must be devised. Promotion should be grant on this base in spite of seniority.

What Will Be The Future of Bureaucracy?

  • Irrelevant and autocratic rules need to abolish.
  • Ensure greater flexibility so that when the environment changes they have sufficient room to take decisions by outsourcing their boundaries.
  • Rational decision making should be the top priority in choosing policy alternatives.
  • Citizen feedback mechanisms should be considered as crucial for check and balance for performance.
  • The aforementioned condition of the bureaucratic structure shows that it is desperate to bring radical reforms. After the advent of globalization, each issue is more complex and we cannot counter them with it.
  • We need to develop new effective norms or transfer practices from the developed world. If we do so then there would be “Isomorphism’’ which is durable when it is relevant to our culture. Otherwise, it would fade off. Let’s hope for a better future of bureaucracy.

Read More Click here

Peace Talks with Taliban- What’s Inside The Deal To End War & Pullout Of US Troops?

Peace Talks with Taliban
US & Taliban Signed Peace Deal To End 18 Years War

The US and the Taliban agreed to end the 18 years of war that cost thousands of lives and bring peace. The Peace deal ensures a pullout of US Troops from Afghanistan within 14 months.

Peace Talks With Taliban In Doha- What Happened There?

The historic peace deal signs in Doha, Qatar on February 29, 2020, by the US envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban’s co-founder Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. Both parties “US & Taliban militant group” agreed to end this longest war. U.S. Secretary Mike Pompeo attended the ceremony as a witness to the signing of the deal. The intra-Afghan peace talks also decided in the coming days.

President Donald Trump said that ‘it’s been a long and difficult journey in Afghanistan. Now its time to bring our people back home’.

He said that ‘US troops have killed and still killing terrorists in Afghanistan. Now its time for someone else to do that job so they will be the Taliban and could be surrounding countries”.

In the Speech in Doha, Mr. Pompeo pushed the Taliban to keep their promises to cut ties with Al-Qaeda. Also, not to allow any extremist group to operate in Afghanistan.

Mr. Abdul Ghani Baradar said that he hoped for Afghanistan to emerge from decades of conflict. He also said that He hopes for the removal of all foreign forces from Afghanistan. Moreover, the Afghan nation under an Islamic regime will take its assistance and start a new prosperous life”.

A second senior administration official said:. If the political settlement fails, if the Taliban peace talks fail, then there is nothing that forces the United States to withdraw troops.

The deal or peace talks with Taliban is a critical foreign policy goal for President Trump, who focused on ending the war.

What’s Inside The Peace Deal To End The War?

  • Within 135 days of the Afghan peace talks or the deal, the US will pull out its forces from Afghanistan to 8,600. Also, withdraw 13,000 troops from Afghanistan. Also close five military bases within that time period. This move of US President allows him to show that he has brought troops home before the US presidential election in November.
  • The intra-Afghan peace talks were also decided as a part of the deal 10 March 2020 for the purpose of a permanent ceasefire.
  • The Prisoner swap between Afghan govt and Taliban decided with the US commitment to support the release of prisoners of both sides. 5,000 Taliban prisoners and 1,000 Afghan force prisoners would exchange to solve Afghan conflict. All should be done before 10 March.
  • The peace talks with Taliban stated that the US will remove the militant group members from sanctions lists with the start of Intra Afghan dialogue. Also, The US has to cooperate economically with the new post-settlement Afghan Islamic government.
  • Under the Agreement, it was also decided not to allow any extremist group including Alqaeda to use the soil of Afghanistan.

Zahra Husseini who is the activist of Aghanistan says about her fear that the deal could worsen the situation for women in Afghanistan. As she knows how they suppressed women when they were ruling.

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Reactions On The Agreement- Peace Talks With Taliban

  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres highlighted the importance of supporting the nationwide reduction in violence, in the interest of all Afghans.
  • UK Defence Secretary Ben Wallace appreciates Afghan peace talks and this important step towards the chance for Afghans to live in peace and free from terrorism.
  • Jens Stoltenberg who is the Nato Secretary-General said that We combined together in 2001. We are going to adjust troop levels together and now we are going to leave together. But we are only going to leave when there is right time conditions are right.

Background of the Afghan war

It began after 11 September 2001. When Osama Bin laden under the leadership of Alqaeda attacked twin towers of the USA. One month later the US launched airstrikes when the Taliban refused to hand over Osama Bin laden.

However, the Taliban became the insurgent group and destabilize Afghan government. The US joined by the international alliance.

The Combat mission of the international alliance ended in 2014. They stayed in Afghanistan for the purpose of training the Afghan Force. Still, the US continued its scaled-back combat operation, including airstrikes.

Nearly 3,500 members of the international alliance forces have died in Afghanistan since the 2001 invasion. Later the US realized that the war is much costly and now they need to end this war. So the US decided and supported peace talks with Taliban.

For More Information Click Here.

عورت مارچ اور ہم – تحریر عرفان بلوچ(Aurat March)

عورت مارچ

عورت مارچ ہر سال آٹھ اکتوبر کو پوری دنیا میں انتہائی زور شور سے منایا جاتا ہے. دنیا بھر کی خواتین جلسے کرتی ہیں ریلیاں نکالتی ہیں جبکہ چند ممالک میں اس دن عام تعطیل ہوتی ہے. اقوام متحدہ نے 1977 کو ایک قرارداد کے ذریعے ہر سال 8 مارچ کو خواتین کا عالمی دن منانے کا اعلان کیا تھا. انقلاب فرانس کے بعد اپنے حقوق کی شناخت اور اس کے حصول کے لہر نے پوری دنیا کو اپنی لپیٹ میں لے لیا تھا. خواتین بھی اس انقلاب سے متاثر ہوئے بغیر نہ رہ سکیں. زرعی انقلاب سے لے کر صنعتی انقلاب تک عورتوں کے حقوق مرد کے ہاتھوں پامال ہوتے رہے اور انہیں ایک جنس کے طور پر خریدا اور بیچا جاتا تھا. جب عورت کی خریدو فروخت بعض وجوہات کی بنا پر بند ہوئی تو عورت مرد کی ملکیت میں چلی گئی. جس کی وجہ سے عورت کی تمام فکری و عملی آذادیاں مقفل ہو کر رہ گئیں.

جب انقلاب فرانس کے بعد، بیداری کی لہر نے عورتوں کو اپنے حقوق کی شناخت اور ان کے حصول کیلئے سوچنے پر مجبور کیا تو، اس کا نتیجہ 1848 میں خواتین کی پہلی عالمی کانفرنس کے شکل میں نکلتا ہے. جس میں یہ تین نکات خاصے تاریخی تھے
خواتین کیلئے ووٹ کا حق
اپنی کمائی کی خود مختاری
وراثت اور جائداد میں حق

اس کے بعد خواتین کی اور خواتین کے حوالے سے متعدد اجلاس کا انعقاد ہوا جس میں خواتین کے حقوق، ان کی ذہنی و عملی آذادی، اور ان کی سماجی حیثیت پر باتیں ہوئیں. لیکن ان سب باتوں کے باوجود یہ سماج ایک عورت کو وہ حقوق دینے سے معذرت خواہ رہا ہے جو اس سماج میں ایک مرد کو حاصل ہیں. کیونکہ کے اس دنیا کے تمام نظام زندگی، تمام ضابطے اور قانون مرد کے ہاتھوں سے بنتے ہیں جس کی وجہ سے شعوری یا لا شعوری طور پر ان میں جانبداری نظر آتی ہے.

ہندوستان (پاکستان، بھارت، بنگلہ دیش) میں عورت کو اس کے بنیادی حقوق کے حصول میں رکاوٹ، یہاں کا تہذیبی پس منظر ہے. پھر وہ گنگا جمنا کی تہزیب ہو یا سندھ کے کنارے موہنجوداڑو کی.ان تمام تہذیبوں میں عورت کے وہی حقوق طے تھے جو زرعی انقلاب کے وقت عورتوں کیلئے تھے. آپ ہندوستان کی تاریخ اٹھا کر دیکھ لیں کسی بھی تحریک، کسی بھی دربار میں ، کسی بھی بڑے ریاستی عہدے پر کوئی عورت نہیں ملے گی. عورت کے حوالے سے یہاں کا معاشرہ اس قدر خوفزدہ ہے کہ جب میر تقی میر شعرا کا تذکرہ لکھتا ہے تو اس میں وہ اپنی بیٹی کو شامل نہیں کرتا جو کہ ایک اچھی شاعرہ تھیں.

اس کے ساتھ ہم دیکھتے ہیں کہ دنیا کے جملہ مذاہب کے بانی اور ان کی باگ ڈور چونکہ مرد حضرات کے ہاتھ میں رہی اسی لیے مزاہب بھی عورتوں کے حقوق کے حوالے سے جانبدار نظر آتے ہیں. ان مزاہب میں عورت کو ناقص العقل ثابت کرنے کی پوری پوری کوشش کی گئی ہے. جو لوگ کہتے ہیں کہ مزاہب نے آ کر عورتوں کو حقوق دیے ہیں وہ مغلاطے کا شکار ہیں کیونکہ دنیا کا کوئی بھی مذہب عورت کی آذادی کی بات نہیں کرتا بلکہ وہ عورت کو بطور ملکیت کے پیش کرتا ہے.

جبکہ اگر ہم آج کے تناظر میں اپنے معاشرے میں عورت کا کردار یا اس کے مقام و مرتبے کو دیکھتے ہیں تو سخت مایوسی ہوتی ہے .

ہمارے معاشرے میں آج بھی غیرت کے نام پر عورت کو قتل کیا جاتا ہے
ہمارے معاشرے میں آج بھی عورت کو بے حیائی کی وجہ سمجھا جاتا ہے
ہمارے معاشرے میں آج بھی عورت کو برائی کی جڑ اور اسے فتنہ سمجھا جاتا ہے
ہمارے معاشرے میں آج بھی مختلف قدرتی آفات کو عورت کی غلط حرکات کا نتیجہ قراد دیا جاتا ہے
ہمارے معاشرے میں آج بھی عورت کو باعث شرم سمجھا جاتا ہے
ہمارے معاشرے میں آج بھی لوگ اپنی بیٹی کے سامنے بیٹے کی دعا مانگ رہے ہوتے ہیں.
ہمارے معاشرے میں میں آج بھی ایسی کتب موجود ہیں جن میں یہ سبق دیا جاتا ہے کہ ایک مرد کو اپنی بیوی پر جسمانی تشدد کا حق حاصل ہے.

ان سب باتوں کے باوجود آج بھی یہاں کے لوگ عورت مارچ اور عورت کی بیداری سے خوفزدہ نطر آتے ہیں. عورت کے جائز حقوق کے حصول کے آگے جاگیردار اور ملائیت کا گٹھ جوڑ ہے. دونوں کو عورت کی جائز آذادی سے خطرہ ہے. دوسری طرف عورت مارچ میں کچھ طبقوں کی انتہاپسندی کو بھی ضرورت سے زیادہ ہائی لائٹ کیا گیا ہے. جس کی وجہ سے عورت مارچ کو فحش دکھایا گیا ہے ور عورت کے آذادی کے بے حیائی اور فحش پن ثابت کرنے کی پوری کوشش کی گئی ہے. یہ سب سوچے سمجھے منصوبوں کے تحت ہو رہا ہے.

یہ بھی غور طلب بات ہے کہ دنیا میں عورت کی آذادی کے حوالے سے پانچ نظریات موجود ہیں. جبکہ ہمارے ہاں صرف ” سوشلسٹ فیمینزم” کو فروغ دیا گیا ہے. کیونکہ یہاں سوشلزم دین مخالف بیانیہ کے طور پر پہلے سے مشہور ہے اس لیے عورتوں کی اس تحریک کو ہائی جیک کر کے اسے سوشلزم کے ساتھ جوڑ دیا گیا ہے اور بالواسطہ عورت مارچ کو بھی دین مخالف پیش کیا گیا ہے. ہمارے ہاں اس طرح مختلف نظریات، مختلف تحریکوں کو، مختلف نعروں کو مختلف طریقوں سے ہائی جیک کرنے کا طریقہ بہت پرانا ہے اور یہ طریقہ کارآمد بھی ہے.

اب بات کرتے ہیں کہ وہ کون سے حقوق ہیں جو عورت کے پاس نہیں ہیں یا وہ کون سے حقوق جو ایک عورت کو ملنے چاہیں. اس حوالے سے ہمیں عورت اور مرد کے درمیان یہ دیکھنا ہو گا کہ کون سی چیزیں مشترک ہیں اور کون مختلف ہیں. اس حوالے سے میرا خیال ہے عورت بطور جنس، مرد سے مختلف ہے اس حوالے سے عورت اور مرد کے درمیان خاصا فرق پایا جاتا ہے. جبکہ عورت بطور انسان، مرد کے برابر ہے. وہ سارے حقوق جو ایک انسان کیلئے لازم ہیں وہ سارے ہمیں عورت کو دینے ہوں گے.

عورت کو بنیادی انسانی حقوق دینا ہی عورت کو انسان تسلیم کرنے کے مترادف ہے. اگر ہم عورت کو بنیاد انسانی حقوق دینے سے انکار کرتے ہیں تو گویا ہم عورت کو انسان ماننے سے بھی انکار کر رہے. وہ انسانی حقوق کون سے اس کیلئے بہتر ہے کہ قارئین اقوام متحدہ کا بنایا ہوا بنیادی انسانی حقوق کا چارٹر پڑھ لیں . جس میں سب سے پہلے زندہ رہنے کا حق ہے، پھر سوچنے کی آذادی، اظہار کی آذادی پھر عمل کی آذادی، پھر اختیار کی آذادی ہے.

اگر آج کی عورت مارچ یہ بنیادی انسانی حقوق مانگتی ہے تو میرے خیال میں یہ اس کا بنیادی حق ہے. ہمیں ان حقوق کے حصول میں اس کا ساتھ دینا چاہیے اور ان حقوق کے حصول کی راہ میں آنے والی رکاوٹوں کو ختم کرنا چاہیے. تا کہ معاشرے کا بنیادی یونٹ یعنی مرد اور عورت کے درمیان توازن قائم ہو سکے اور اس توازن کے ساتھ یہ بکھرا ہوا معاشرہ بھی متوازن ہو سکے.

مزید پرھئیے

عرفان بلوچ

Pakistan Remains In A Grey List To Accomplish Action Plan- Final Decision By FATF Pakistan

FATF Pakistan
FATF Plenary Meeting At Paris

Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

Do you know about FATF and what kind of role this financial body plays?. The FATF full form is the financial action task force which is basically an intergovernmental body. It was established in 1989 on the initiative of G7. The purpose was to develop policies as per FATF meaning to combat money laundering. In 2001, its mandate expanded and includes terrorism financing. FATF also serves as a policy which puts forward some FATF recommendations for those countries who entered into the ‘FATF GREY LIST’ to prevent the proliferation of terror financing and also money laundering. The financial body also collaborates with the international stakeholders to prevent the international financial system from misusing. To decide the fate of FATF Pakistan, the international watchdog is all set in the Paris meeting to review the progress of implementation of its 27-Targets Action Plan.

FATF Pakistan Placed On The ‘Grey List’

On February 28, 2018, The Financial action task force places Pakistan on the grey list. This proposal led by the USA and its allies sought to danger the country’s international position. The reasoning behind this is “Pakistan Structural Deficiencies” in anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism.

India, the USA, and Uk wanted that Pakistan should be included in the blacklist of but China and Turkey were continuously opposing.

Pakistan was also there in 2008 and from 2012 to 2015. But now Pakistan stands out of the most prominent name on the list with the largest population and economy. If Pakistan will enter into the FATF blacklist then it will join the ranks of Iran and North Korea which are already FATF members in Blacklist. Also, it will become difficult to access funds for an already weakened. If Pakistan will enter into the whitelist, then it will easy to get financial aid from the IMF or World Bank.

FATF Pakistan needs almost 15-16 votes to move out of the Grey List. It also needs at least three votes to avoid falling into the blacklist. The FATF currently comprises 36 FATF members with voting powers.

Pakistan is striving due to increasing pressure to comply with all the 27 Financial action task force targets. But as in October 2019, it could manage to comply with only 5 targets.

  • Understand the risks of counter financing terrorism by the financial sector.
  • More sessions of AML and CFT for the financial institutions.
  • Developing an integrated database at airports
  • The mechanism to publicize selected persons and entities.
  • Terrorist Financing specific units and analysis were done by the Financial Monitoring Unit (FMU) and State Bank of Pakistan (SBP).

However, China saved Islamabad who is currently in the FATF chair.

FATF Paris Meeting- Pakistan Skips Moving Into Black List

The meeting of FATF held on February 17, 2020, at Paris found country compliance on 14 targets out of 27 targets action plan. This shows that the country is making progress to observe its conditions. This progress will increase the chances of Pakistan to get another long period of three to six months. So in-short Pakistan skips descending into the Blacklist.

Indian Stance

In January, Indian officials said that there is a good chance that FATF Pakistan could get out of the Grey List. There is effective support from China and some Western countries. Other reports claimed Pakistan may continue its existence on the FATF’s Grey List for money laundering and terror financing due to its “risk profile”.

Continuously India is trying to portray a negative image of Pakistan. It said that Pakistan extends supports terror groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad whose prime target is India. They favored Task Force to take action against Pakistan.

After achieving 14 points on technical grounds. Pakistan needs political and diplomatic efforts to get out of the grey list.

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Will Pakistan Remain In The Grey List? – Final Decision By FATF Pakistan Plenary Meeting

On the last plenary meeting in Paris, the final decision was that Pakistan will remain on the grey list of the Financial Action Task Force till June 2020.

Turkey and Malaysia along with China supported Pakistan at the meeting but that was not enough for the country to move out of Grey List.

FATF Pakistan now needs 12 out of 39 votes in FATF to move out of Grey List. It is highly unlikely for Pakistan to manage that support in the future. According to Western diplomatic sources, It may also difficult for Pakistan to get out of Grey list for the next two-three years.

According to Chinese Official, Pakistan has made great efforts in improving its counter-terror financing system. It was appreciated by the FATF members at its latest plenary meeting in Paris. So It was decided at the meeting that Pakistan will get more time to continue implementing its action plan. So we are hoping that Pakistan must fulfill FATF recommendations. If not doing so then the country will face many difficulties as it will become unable to get any kind of financial aid.

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Pakistani Movie- The Legend Of Maula Jatt Comeback- End Of Controversy Or What?

Pakistani Movie
The Legend Of Maula Jatt

Sarwar Bhatti Claimed Copyrights Violation- Back In 2017

Pakistani movie ‘The Legend of Maula Jatt’ trailer released by the producer Ammara Hikmat and Director Bilal Lashari. On this Sarwar Bhatti who is the producer of the original film. The Legend of Maula Jatt claimed a copyrights violation of the characters, dialogues, and story, etc. He said that Ammara Hikmat and Bilal Lashari first took their cases then he would withdraw. So for the two years, the ugly legal battle was going on between the two parties. Although both of them clarified that the movie was not a remake.

Still, In October 2017, Bhatti moved to court and got a stay order. The reason is the Bahoo Films which is the production house of Sarwar Bhatti owns the rights to the Maula Jatt story which is the 1979 Punjabi blockbuster. So, consequently, the release of Lashari Pakistani film was obstructed. The Lashari’s team also filed cases against Bhatti. Both had made a tussle.

Ammara Hikmat stated that the rights of Pakistani movie Maula Jatt are with Adeeb, and not Bhatti who just owns the film’s cinematographic rights. She also claimed that Bhatti is now demanding a 50% cut in the film’s profits. Moreover, He claims the right to distribute the film through his Bahoo Films company. Later, she also sent an Rs500 million legal notice to Bhatti’s sons for running a deception campaign on social media.

Then Bhatti also Claims that he approached the Intellectual Property Organisation of Pakistan (IPO-Pakistan) court in which the court had issued a stay order. He declared that the court had favor earlier in the trademark case.

Pakistani Movie ‘The Legend Of Maula Jatt’ Gets Withdrawal From the lawsuit

Now things are going to be better. As Bhatti was blamed by Advocate Almas Jovindah who was speaking on behalf of Saim Jamil for not being the sole owner of Bahoo Films Corporation. In a press conference, He revealed that Corporation was “enrolled under an association deed between six partners. Among them, Chaudhry Jamil and Sarwar Bhatti are the principal speculators. Then He presented legal documents that carried the original partnership deed signed in 1978. Under which all films produced under the banner were the owner of the corporation. Moreover, it did not belong to any single individual, as portrayed by Sarwar Bhatti.

Recently, The Sindh High Court has issued a stay order against Bhatti and his sons. In which it restrains them from damaging the reputation of Pakistani movie The Legend of Maula Jatt and its makers, Bilal Lashari and Ammara Hikmat. So this is another win for the makers of the Pakistani new film and the whole team.

Bhatti’s Statement Ended The Controversy

Bhatti gives a statement in which ‘He regards this decision on his desire for the revival and progress of local cinema.‘.

He said: In my career, I did my best for the welfare and progress of the local Pakistani film industry. If this industry encouraged and strengthened by withdrawing the case. Then I will definitely do so because local releases across the country must benefit the industry. Ammara Hikmat and Bilal Lashari are just like my children. All kids make mistakes and it’s our duty to forgive them. I am willing to put everything behind me. I will no longer be a hurdle in the release of the legend of Maula Jatt.

He also said that’ I allowed them for using copyrights of only my Pakistani movie ‘Maula Jatt’. He also asked them to take back the cases they filed against him. ” The Producer said that Ammara Hikmat & Bilal Lashari can release their film anytime or on Eid-ul-Fitr. I will support them”.

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“Producer Ammara Hikmat Tweet”

Ammara Hikmat talks on Twitter and shared a legal notice from the court. This legal notice confirmed that there is no “stay order” on the film. She wrote: “Lahore High Court clarifies that there is No stay order on the release of #TheLegendOfMaulaJatt.

Moreover, she said on Twitter that the release of Pakistani movie delayed due to some different reasons. Such as strategic reasons not any kind of legal issue.

The legend of Maula Jatt release date is not confirmed yet. But the film is supposed to release on Eid Al Fitr 2020

More About Pakistani Movie ‘The Legend Of Maula Jatt’

The talented Bilal Lashari is the director and writer of the film. Ammara Hikmat is the producer of the film. The stars of the film involve Fawad Khan, Mahira Khan, Hamza Ali Abbasi, Humaima Malik. The rest of the cast includes Gohar Rasheed, Shafqat Cheema, Faris Shafi, Nayyar Ejaz, and Saima Baloch. Do you know about the original Mula Jatt movie.? It is the most commercially successful film of Pakistani cinema. It was the Bhatti’s Bhatti’s production under the banner of Bahoo Films in 1979. Sultan Rahi was a lead and Mustafa Qureshi’s role was of an antagonist

The story of the film can be traced back to the 1950’s Urdu short story ‘Gandasa’ of Ahmed Nadeem Qasimi. As it leads to a wave of Punjabi films with similar themes springing up. The Pakistani film industry is also best for Pakistani comedy movies. You can also download the movies from Pakistani Movie download websites.

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Economic & Geostrategic importance of Indian Ocean

Importance of Indian ocean

Why The Indian Ocean Is Significant?

The third-largest Indian Ocean has emerged as the most significant for security, strategy, and economy in the Asia-Pacific littoral. The importance of the Indian ocean is briefly explained here. As it is the largest ocean covers 20% of the water on the earth’s surface. Almost 80% of the world’s seaborne trade in oil passes through the Indian Ocean. It contains 40% of the world’s oil and gas reserves. Moreover, It provides major sea routes that connect the Middle East, Africa and East Asia with Europe & the USA. With a booming economy, China is emerging as a key player in this Region. Also, It may become the dominant superpower in Asia-Pacific. The Indian Ocean in map there is most of the Muslim population.

India is also one of the world’s rising powers. The importance of Indian Ocean region is vital to the world’s two newest nuclear weapons states that is India and Pakistan and also Iran. India almost imports about 70 percent of its oil through this Region to its various ports. The purpose is to enhance its strategic influence by using soft power. Also, by becoming a major foreign investor in regional mining, gas, oil, and infrastructure projects. Moreover, India has aggressively extended its naval presence. China is also accused of engaging in a String of Pearls strategy to surround India.

Indian Ocean Trade

For the Indian Ocean trade route, there is much importance of Indian Ocean and especially for increasingly significant energy flows. China wants to secure its energy supply coming from the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. The presence of vital maritime, natural resources and the US axle to Asia along with the prominent Japan and India have added great focus on this region. The establishment of new naval bases and air-defense zones in the area has great importance.

The rise of China raises major challenges to the status quo in the region with larger consequences for its neighbors and for the USA. The overall impact of China’s engagement with countries in the region has been both a positive impact as a result of trade. Also the Negative impact due to its hostile approach. India is a state with the fourth-largest economy across the globe. It is almost 70% dependent on oil import, the major part of which comes from the gulf region. The importance of Indian ocean has increased for the trade of crude oil to Europe, North America, and East Asia. Other major commodities include iron, coal, rubber, and tea are also other commodities for trade.

Strategic Importance of Indian Ocean Beyond The Region

British used to be a predominant military power in the Indian Ocean region for almost 200 years. But in the 1960s they decided to cut the British presence East of Suez. After that, the Indian ocean became important for extra-regional forces due to inter & intrastate weaknesses in the states adjoining the region. Especially after the Iran-Iraq war. So, as a result, both the USA and Soviet Union deployed naval forces in the Indian Ocean to assure their energy security. After the event of the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan, forced the US to establish its naval command in the Indian Ocean for threatening access to the oil resources in the region. So, this was the inception of the so-called superpower rivalry in the Indian Ocean region.

Progressive US administrations provoke developments with an active search for facilities across the Indian Ocean. It also has increased the importance of Indian ocean and met with significant success in getting such facilities in Oman. Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Kenya, and Singapore. Hundreds of B 52 bomber flights operated by the US from CENTCOM base during the 1990-91 war against Iraq. It shows the strategic significance of the Indian Ocean region.


Significance For Russia

Russia is located far away from the Indian Ocean. Still, the importance of Indian ocean is great for the country’s strategy. When the Soviets maintained its naval presence in the Indian ocean. Then after its collapse, its attention to the region decreased due to internal reasons. But in the latest decade, Russia coming back to the Indian Ocean with its power. For example, the Russian naval ships conducting anti-piracy operations near the coasts of Africa. With having limited relations in terms of security and trade in the region, we can see that Russia is playing only a limited role or no part at all in the Indian Ocean’s affairs. However, Russia as a global power has important economic and strategic interests with this region.

Importance Of Indian Ocean For Australia

Australia is a leading Indian Ocean state. The region of the Indian ocean is much significant strategically for Australia. It is contributing to regional stability by wider regional cooperation, developing norms and creating the regional capacity to address challenges peacefully. Australia develops Indian Ocean trade relations with 15 trading partners. Such as India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, etc.

Importance For Japan

The importance of Indian Ocean for Japan is vital. It is playing a dynamic role in the Indian Ocean region. In January 2019, Japan sent its Foreign Minister to the Raisina Dialogue. It is a high-profile conference in India dedicated to geopolitics. Do you know about Japan’s growing activity in the Indian Ocean region.? The answer is China. Its influence in the Indian ocean is great since the 2000s. Chinese naval vessels have kept in the Indian Ocean. According to the Raisina Dialogue 2019, There are six to eight Chinese Navy ships sent to the northern part of the Indian Ocean.

The reason is the security situation in the Indian Ocean is a national interest in Japan. China’s growing presence in the region is a major concern for Japan. It has sent warships to the Indian Ocean since 2001 to safeguard Japanese SLOCs in the Indian Ocean. Japan is now actively considering a Constitutional analysis to escape from the legal handicap in terms of collective-security. This would make Japan more militarily confident. Japan is also cooperating with India and the United States to promote the common interests of all countries in the region.

Click Here to get more information regarding the geopolitical competition and economics in the Indian Ocean.

More About Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest ocean in the world covering 70,560,000 km square. The importance of the Indian Ocean is undefinable. To sustain the balance of power the extra-regional forces always maintain its influence and presence in this region. So, geostrategic and geoeconomic competition in this region is necessary. The countries beyond this region are much more concerned with China’s maritime expansionism. This is confirmed by its constructions of harbors in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Myanmar. This has created vulnerability to their balance of power and traditional regional relationships. Due to the economic advantages, these states are unwilling to create any rivalries. So their own survival is necessary. Indian Ocean strategic waterways have taken special attention in oceanic trade. The oil trade is flowing from the Middle East to Asia through sea routes.

I hope you will like this article regarding the economic and geostrategic importance of Indian Ocean and this will be helpful for you. Give your suggestions in the comment section below.

What is Corona Virus?- Conspiracy Theories- Symptoms & Prevention

What is Corona Virus
Spread of Corona Virus In Human Being

What Is Corona Virus?

Do you have any idea about what is Corona Virus.? From the past days, many believe that Coronavirus a Biological weapon. But who invented that biowarfare.? Who wants to destroy whom.? As we notice from the analysis that the world isolated China. Almost all countries that are close to China can affect China’s economy. This chemical warfare can damage the image of China maybe it can bring China out of the economic race. Conspiracy theories are growing increasingly than the Coronavirus itself.

The World Health Organization Announced: “The Coronavirus raises public health interests worldwide. WHO has defined a pandemic like the spread of a new disease worldwide. The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) calls it A disease that spreads to many countries and affecting a large number of people. The term pandemic is applied to the disease that affects a large number of people worldwide.

Britain’s Health and Safety Executive says that the coronavirus outbreak is clearly different from the recent circulating stress, especially if humans have little or no immunity to it.

Symptoms Of Corona Virus & Its Prevention

Coronavirus infections 2019 reported that from this virus people become severely ill and dying. According to the CDC, at this time symptoms may appear in like 2 days or as long as 14 after exposure. Symptoms can include Fear, cough and also issues with breathing.

Types Of Coronaviruses

What is Corona Virus? What are the types of Coronavirus.? Any idea? Ok, let me tell you that Common human coronaviruses, including types. Such as 229E, NL63, HKU1, and OC43. This usually causes mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses. like we can say the common cold. Most people become a victim of this virus at some point in their lives. These illnesses remain for a short amount of time. Coronavirus symptoms may include:

  • Runny nose
  • Headache & cough
  • sore throat & fever
  • A feeling of being unwell

Human coronaviruses can sometimes cause other diseases. Such as pneumonia or bronchitis. Also, cardiopulmonary disease, people with weakened immune systems, newborns, and older adults.

Other Human Coronaviruses

There are 2 more types of coronaviruses that are., MERS and SARS. These two types are severe. MERS symptoms are normally fever, cough, and shortness of breath which may cause pneumonia. According to the report, around 3 or 4 out of every 10 patients with MERS have died. SARS symptoms are fever, chills, and body aches which may also cause pneumonia. No human cases of SARS have announced anywhere in the world after 2003.

Prevention & Treatment

What is Corona Virus.? Any idea regarding the prevention of Corona Virus.? Currently, there is no vaccine to stop coronavirus disease. The best way to prevent such an infection is to avoid being exposed to this virus. However, There are some CDC recommendations to prevent the spread of this deadly virus.

  • You need to avoid close contact with sick people.
  • People must avoid touching their eyes, nose, and mouth with dirty hands.
  • You need to stay at home when you are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze.
  • Cover your mouth with an antiviral face mask while traveling.
  • Wash your hands, mouth, nose, arms, and feet at least 3 times a day.
  • Also aware other people about what is Corona Virus and how to avoid such kind of virus.

If you are feeling such symptoms, Then you should tell your doctor about any recent travel or contact with animals.

What is Corona Virus- Is Corona Virus A Biological weapon?

Conspiracy Theories:

According to the anti-terrorism act 1989, George Bush signed this law, which is called the Bush-Chinese agreement for the purpose of rebuilding the US defense. This act or agreement was canceled when both became enemies of each other. So there is no real existence. According to Boyle, this deadly coronavirus is a biowarfare or biological weapon that is genetically designed for this purpose.

Boyle rejects the claims about the coronavirus that arising from a Wuhan seafood market or found in bats. Moreover, According to the Indian Institute of Technology, scientists discovered that Wuhan coronavirus was similar to AIDS. It means that it’s not a naturally occurring phenomenon. China is practicing at AIDS drugs to handle infected patients. China is working on developing a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Vaccine.

The United States has had an active program of biological warfare since at least the 1940s. In 1941, it implemented a secret program to develop aggressive and allegedly defensive bioweapons using controversial testing methods.

In 1945, the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) announced the program. Until the 1980s, the United States used biological agents against Cuba. During the Vietnam War, millions of civilians suffered death, disability or chronic illnesses from the use of orange and sarin nerve gas, the Pentagon’s most toxic agent.

What is Corona Virus now becomes and controversial issue. One conspiracy idea that is arising is aired by Russian media recently. This says the word “corona”, which means crown in both Latin and Russian. It indicates that Donald Trump is somehow involved. Clearly, this is because he used to preside over beauty exhibitions, handing the winners their crowns. Moreover, scientists named the virus because of its crown-like shape.

Also Read: Trump new policies: Power game behind the Middle East.

US Denied Conspiracy Theory About Corona Virus

A US official said as a threatening sign that these are the false rumors on the internet regarding Chinese who claim that the virus is a part of US conspiracy to spread germ weapon. It’s may show that China is preparing propaganda to counter any charges that the break out of deadly new coronavirus from Wuhan research laboratories. China deployed troops to Wuhan to stop all 11 million people traveling out of the city to prevent the spread of the virus, which causes symptoms like pneumonia.

What is Corona Virus? Is This A Product Of China’s Bio Warfare Lab?

Recently, reports and YouTube videos on the internet claim that the deadly Wuhan coronavirus is a bioweapon. Also, It has been infected by the Chinese government on the Chinese public.

China has an advanced virus research laboratory, known as the Wuhan Institute of Virology. This is capable of working deadly viruses. According to the Washington report, an Israeli microbiologist has said that the breakout of a virus is likely from a lab associated with China’s biological warfare program. So a former Israeli military intelligence officer Danny Shoham said the organization was affiliated with Beijing’s secret biological weapons program.

China is refusing to have terrible biological weapons. But last year a report by the State Department showed doubts about secret biological warfare. Chinese authorities also said they do not know the origin of the Coronavirus, which has killed many people and affected thousands.

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Growth By Country

What is Corona Virus.? This deadly disease is often in Wuhan and the connecting areas. These all are the cases that return to their respective countries with that infection. So After exceeding China’s death toll. The total number of deaths in Italy reached 4,032 now.

Here are the recent numbers of cases that are affecting by Coronavirus. Nearly 220,000 people have now been confirmed with the coronavirus and the death toll rises past 11,000 globally.

According to the data collected by Johns Hopkins University in the United States. So the death toll from the new coronavirus has exceeded 5,000 in Europe. Italy, Spain, and Germany reporting an abrupt rise in infections. As worldwide fatalities rose past 11,000 on Saturday.

Confirmed Corona Virus Cases

12 cases move to Australia and often individuals who return from Wuhan or Hubei province. There are more cases such as:

  • USA cases rose by 5,894 reaching a growth of 76%
  • Italy cases rose by 5,322 reaching a growth of 15%
  • Spain cases rose by 4,053 reaching a growth of 29%
  • Germany cases rose by 2,993 reaching a growth of 24%
  • France cases also rose by 1,828 reaching a growth of 20%
  • Switzerland cases grew by 1,047 reaching a growth of 35%
  • Iran cases rose by 1,046 reaching a growth of 6%
  • Israel cases rose by 244 reaching a growth of 56%
  • Czechia cases also rose by 230 reaching a growth of 50%
  • Norway cases rose by 196 reaching a growth of 13%
  • Sweden cases increased by 160 reaching a growth of 13%
  • Pakistan cases increased by 155 reaching a growth of 52%
  • South Korea cases increased by 152 equalling a growth of 2%
  • United Arab Emirates cases rose by 27 reaching a growth of 24%
  • Mexico cases rose by 25 reaching a growth of 27%
  • Croatia cases rose by 24 reaching a growth of 30%
  • Austria cases rose by 367 reaching a growth of 22%
  • Portugal cases rose by 337 reaching a growth of 75%
  • Belgium cases also rose by 309 reaching a growth of 21%
  • Ireland cases rose by 265 reaching a growth of 91%
  • Saudi Arabia cases increased by 103 equalling a growth of 60%
  • Turkey cases increased by 94 reaching a growth of 96%
  • Indonesia cases also rose by 84 reaching a growth of 37%
  • Iceland cases rose by 80 reaching a growth of 32%
  • Finland cases rose by 64 reaching a growth of 19%
  • Armenia cases rose by 31 reaching a growth of 37%
  • Iraq cases rose by 28 reaching a growth of 17%

So most of the cases mentioned above are regarding Chinese citizens or those who have returned from Wuhan in most or all cases. As we watched in different media and news that these cases can infect others in their countries.


Biological Weapons Convention

Recently An Israeli doctor who is in military intelligence also said that he doubts about the Wuhan Institute of Virology. When a group of Chinese virologists working in Canada & sent samples to China that included the Ebola virus. Then it declared the world’s most dangerous virus. In addition, Mr. Shoham said the Wuhan Institute is one of four Chinese laboratories that are engaged in certain aspects of biological weapons development.

He also said that the secure Wuhan National Biosafety Laboratory was working on Ebola, Nipah and hemorrhagic fever viruses. But some of the laboratories within it “belong to PLA or BW-related elements in the Chinese defense establishment.

The biosafety lab is also about 20 miles from the Wuhan Seafood market. So according to reports from China may be the origin of the virus. But now, no one knows the exact truth about what is Corona Virus and from where it has been originated.?

Azad Jammu And Kashmir- The Epic Kashmir Story

Azad Jammu And Kashmir

Azad Jammu And Kashmir

Every individual, as a human being, has 3 stages in his life. Such as Childhood, Youth and old age. Similarly, nations and states also have these three stages. But if we talk about Azad Jammu and Kashmir situation then this nation is still in childhood in that regard. I remember when I was in school, I like to hold rallies in the name of Kashmir. Shouting slogans and waving my hands in the air, making emotional speeches, and abusing India. But unfortunately, we can not understand the real awareness of the Kashmir issue.

Probably this is the third generation to grow up in the name of Kashmir with emotional slogans.  There has been a change in perspective. Now, these emotional slogans have become more organized or, as we can say, commercialized.  The younger generation sells their wits in exchange for a few bucks, shields, medals, wow noises and claps. In the name of Kashmir, the ceremonies and functions are promoted by paralyzing wit and fervor.

Azad Jammu And Kashmir

The Epic Story Of Azad Jammu And Kashmir

Once I attend a convention in which a nine-year-old girl who may not even know how to name herself. She was addressing her speech with the phrase. In 1947, Kashmir was part of Pakistan but the tyrant India could not tolerate this and took it from us. Then she was reading this poem again and again, “Jannat Kisi kafir ko mile ha na mile gi.” She may not even know the meaning of “Kafir.”

Another girl, expressing her knowledge in English, said: ” The relationship between the Azad Jammu and Kashmir or Kashmir and Pakistan is more than 2,000 years ago.”
One boy came and said that in 1947, the British sold Kashmir to Maharaja Gulab Singh.
Another boy quoted Kashmir’s solution by saying.”If you think Kashmir is the backbone of Pakistan, then put a Pakistani flag on your chest and put Kashmiri on one side, until it is free.”

One young gentleman stated. “Probably the solution to Kashmir freedom is war. But the Kashmiri mothers sleep every night thinking that when they wake up in the morning, the Pakistani army will arrive to rescue us.”

Also Read: Kashmir is an international issue, not bilateral issue

Wrong Perspectives & Extremism

The people and the media on Kashmir news now, who teach five or six-year-old children the words such as bombs, chopped bodies, running blood. Body rags, daggers, sword, guns forget that they are teaching their children extremism with those words. These kids will become no one but extremists when they grow up. “War is necessary to keep the nation united”. This argument was given by a well-respected judge that the United States fights wars to keep their nation united.

Such lies are not only poisonous for our youth but also violate the legitimate rights of Kashmir valley.  Knowing the true causes of the Azad Jammu and Kashmir issue or Kashmir dispute is the first step towards solving this problem. Instead of teaching our nation’s future intellectually, we are teaching them lies of which we have been suffered for seventy years. Our sentiments for Kashmir have been so confined that a speaker always worried about his speech regardless of the problem of Kashmir.

I did not understand how to survive in the world of science and technology, by paralyzing our minds and tearing our throats out, shaking hands like a sword in the air.??

To get the possible solutions to the issue of Kashmir you can read this article: Options for Pakistan in Kashmir.

Kashmir Solidarity Day

Do you know about Kashmir solidarity Day.? We observe Kashmir Day or Kashmir Solidarity Day as a public holiday in Pakistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) on February 5 every year. It is a globally recognized day observed by people, predominantly Kashmiris, worldwide. The day is regarding public processions, special prayers in mosques for the liberation of Kashmir. Also for protests that are against the Indian oppression of Kashmir. Moreover, It focuses on showing the support and unity of Pakistan with the people of Indian-occupied Kashmir. Also, to pay homage to Kashmiri martyrs who lost their lives fighting for Kashmir’s freedom.

Another common spectacle is the formation of a human chain on all major routes leading to Azad Jammu and Kashmir from Pakistan. People stand in lines with their hands gripped forming a human chain on all major crossings into AJK from Pakistan. This expresses unity and solidarity to reassure Kashmiris that they are not alone in their struggle to get freedom. By special cultural programs and festivals, we can celebrate and promote Kashmiri culture and tradition.  Kashmir latest news and entertainment channels air special programs, talk shows, dramas. Also Kashmiri songs about the oppression suffered by Kashmiris over the years. We should celebrate this day to remember the goals that we have to achieve for our Kashmiri people. Also develop the same awareness in our children instead of promoting wrong perspectives, extremism, and lies.

If you want to know more about Kashmir solidarity Day then Click Here.

Sunni Vs Shia- Analysis on Sunni Shia Split In Iraq By USA

Sunni vs Shia

Sunni Vs Shia- Division of Middle East

Many Iraqi politicians are denying that they say they are all ideologies and premature claims. While rising distances between Sunni vs Shia leaders on the other side indicate that the middle east region is pushing towards division.

If we look at the map for Middle East Countries and the division plan geographically, we think the plan will start with Anbar province. Later a section of Ninewa, Salahuddin and Diyala provinces will be included. These 3 areas are placed on the Iraqi map that will cut off the rest of Iraq from Syria. That means the establishment of a Sunni state in the region is aims at curbing Iran’s growing influence in the Middle East.

Map For Middle East Countries

Is the USA going to divide Iraq?

As you all know the situation on the map for Middle East countries like Iraq, and Syria. Many innocent people have been killed by this blazing fire for decades. Do you have any idea that How many young people have dreamed of a bright and peaceful future that has become the fuel of this war.?

Mostly my analysis has been based on the Middle East countries, its situation, Shia vs Sunni conflict. Also, from al-Qaeda to the establishment of a brutal organization like ISIS. I already described the rise and fall of the US military in the region in my column. But still, When I think about some issues regarding the Middle East, then my head starts to spin. It is really difficult to understand that in this region. Who is against and who is not. Who is working for whom and who is deceiving. These are the questions whose answers are difficult to examine. 

Current situation In The Middle East- Sunni Vs Shia

If we closely analyze the current situation in the Middle East, The control of the United States over this region is now weakening. But not much weak that Iran and Russia are able to protect the Middle East well against American torture. So far No such situation is currently visible.

Since the invasion of Iraq by US in 2003, Iraq becomes a battleground for Washington and Tehran for conflict. But tensions between the two enemies reached its peak in January 2020, when US drone strikes in Baghdad. As it killed Iraqi deputy head of Iraq’s paramilitary forces Hasad al-Shababi. Also General Qasim Sulaimani and Abu Mahdi al-Mahindis of Iran. It also led to formal attacks on US military bases, which Iran portrayed as revenge and reduced the anger of its citizens to a certain extent. For more information about the Us Invasion of Iraq Click Here.

On the other hand, we see that the Trump administration has imposed more severe sanctions on Iran. However, after Iran’s assassination of Qasim Sulaimani, his Iraqi Shia politicians and their allies went to the Iraqi parliament to submit a resolution to end the 17-year presence of the US military. In the meantime, the absence of the Sunni and Kurdish members in parliament raised many questions.

Will The US leave The Middle East So Easily?

In the past, protests over the withdrawal of US troops in Iraq have blown the US administration’s senses. Now the question is, Will His billions of dollars worth of investment would waste.? The direct withdrawal of the US means giving the Middle East control to Iran. What will be the news in the Middle East.? Will the United States easily put the sensitive and geographically important region in the control of Iran so quietly.? Never!  First of all, the US is not ready to go anywhere from the Middle East. It can go to any extent to maintain its influence in the region. On the other hand, the United States is also considering to divide it to control the region. The story of dividing the subcontinent will be repeated here, by dividing the region into a Sunni vs Shia state.

The Intentions Of The USA- Sunni Vs Shia

Forming a sovereign Sunni region in Iraq has always been an option for the US that could be implemented at any time. But it creates a Sunni vs Shia conflict also many other issues. Because the US is not in favor of giving Iran access to Syria and the Mediterranean. So the establishment of a pro-Sunni state in western Iraq will cut Iran from Syria and make Iran’s access to Hezbollah difficult.

Well, keep in mind that for Washington, the idea of ​​building a Sunni region in Iraq is based on Joe Biden’s 2007 proposal. Now that he is a Democratic Party’s presidential candidate. The best opportunity for the US to implement the scheme in Iraq was from 2006 to 2008 when sectarianism was on the rise in the region. But US control over Iraq was strong at that time. So the scheme was limited to paperwork only. But now the protests to expel US troops from Iraq have sparked a new life in the scheme or plan. In the Middle East countries, the United States is waging a war of survival.

Collapse Of ISIS

After the collapse of ISIS, pro-Shi’ite politicians’ domination over Iraq has forced Sunni leaders to think of Sunni Iraq, rather than united Iraq. Because the Shi’ite leaders in the Iraqi government have taken some decisions without the will od Sunni leaders. As we see the competition between Sunni vs Shia in Iraq begins to fill the vacuum created by ISIS. As a result, the distance between the Sunni and Shi’ite groups began to increase. These distances began with differences. Now, these differences replaced with hostility. The result is extracting as a dividing of Iraq into two parts. Now in the world, communalism is once again wage in the region which will bring even more destruction.

Why Iran Is Against The Sunni Vs Shia Split?

Iran is against this division, but Iran seems helpless in this matter as all the other Arab states along with the United States favor this division. Because the establishment of an anti Sunni vs Shia state in Iraq is in the interest of the Arab countries. They will be able to use this state as a shield in the ongoing war against Iran.

Sunni leaders will not accept any form of Shiite supremacy in the region. Instead, they would prefer to be separated & would never refuse to give the Americans a military base on their land. Because only the United States can assist them in establishing the desired state and the favor will be returned in the form of eternal slavery.

Also Read this one US Taliban Peace Talks & Role Of Pakistan

Written By: Irfan Baloch

Translated by: Maryam Naveed

کیا امریکہ عراق کو تقسیم کرنے جا رہا ہے؟ | سنی شیعہ تقسیم|

سنی شیعہ تقسیم

سنی شیعہ تقسیم

مشرقی وسطی یعنی عراق و شام کے حالات سب کے سامنے ہیں۔ کئی دہائیوں سے جلتی ہوئی اس آگ نے  نجانے کتنے معصوم لوگوں کی جانیں لی ہیں۔ کتنے نوجوان ایک روشن اور پر امن مستقبل کے خواب لیے اس جنگ کا ایندھن بن چکے ہیں۔ یہ ایک ایسی جنگ کےجس میں انسان بطور بارود استعمال ہوئے ہیں۔ بہت سارے عراقی سیاستدان اس بات کی نفی کر رہے ہیں۔ ان کا کہنا ہے کہ یہ سب نظریات ہیں اور قبل از وقت دعوے ہیں۔ جب کی دوسری طرف سنی شیعہ تقسیم اور انکے رہنماؤں کے درمیان بڑھتے ہوئے فاصلے۔ اس بات کی طرف اشارہ ہیں کہ اس خطے کو تقسیم کی طرف دھکیلا جا رہا ہے۔

اگر ہم اس منصوبے کو جغرافیائی انداز میں دیکھیں تو ہمیں لگتا ہے۔ اس منصوبے کا آغاز صوبہ انبار سے ہو گا، بعد میں صوبہ نینوا، صلاح الدین اور دیالہ کا ایک حصہ اس میں شامل کر دیا جائے گا۔ یہ تینوں علاقے عراقی نقشے پر ایسی جگہ پر واقع ہیں۔ جس سےباقی عراق کو شام سے کاٹ دیا جائے گا۔ یعنی اس اس خطے میں سنی ریاست کے قیام کا مقصد ایران کا مڈل ایسٹ میں بڑھتے ہوئےاثر کو روکنا ہے۔

سنی شیعہ تقسیم

میرا سب سے زیادہ مطالعہ مشرق وسطیٰ کے متعلق ہے۔ القاعدہ سے لے کر داعش جیسی سفاک تنظیم کے بننے تک۔ اور اس خطے میں امریکی فوج کے عروج اور زوال کو پہلے ایک کالم میں بیان کر چکا ہوں۔ لیکن ابھی بھی مڈل ایسٹ کے متعلق کسی مسئلے پر سوچتاہوں تو سر چکرانے لگتا ہے۔ اس خطے میں کون کس کے خلاف ہے اور کون کس کے ساتھ ہے۔کون کس کیلئے کام کر رہا ہے اور  کون کس کو دھوکا دے رہا ہے۔ یہ ایسے سوال ہیں جن کی گتھی سلجھاتے ہوئے دماغ کی رگیں پھٹنے لگتی ہیں۔

مڈل ایسٹ کی موجودہ صورتحال

مڈل ایسٹ کی موجودہ صورتحال پر ایک طائرانہ نگاہ ڈالیں تو یہ حقیقت سامنے آتی ہے کہ اس خطے کے حالات پر اب  امریکہ کی گرفت کمزور پڑ گئی ہے۔ لیکن ابھی اتنی بھی کمزور نہیں کہ مڈل ایسٹ کو ایران اور روس اس امریکی شکنجے سے صحیح سلامت نکال سکیں۔ فی الحال ایسی کوئی بھی صورتحال نظر نہیں آ رہی ہے۔

سن 2003 میں امریکی حملے کے بعد سے عراق، واشنگٹن اور تہران کے مابین تنازعہ کا سب سے بڑا میدان رہا ہے۔

لیکن دونوں دشمنوں کے مابین تناؤ  جنوری 2020 کو عروج پر پہنچاہے۔ جب بغداد میں امریکی ڈرون حملے میں، عراق کے حشد الشعبینیم فوجی دستے کے نائب سربراہ، اعلی ایرانی جنرل قاسم سلیمانی اور ابو مہدی المہندیس ہلاک ہوگئے۔ اس کے بعد ایران کی طرف سے امریکی فوجی اڈوں پر رسمی حملے بھی ہوئے ہیں۔ جس کو ایران نے اپنے بدلے کے طور پر پیش کیا ہے۔ اور اپنے شہریوں کے غصے کو ایک حد تک کم کیاہے۔

جب کہ دوسری طرف ہم دیکھتے ہیں کہ ٹرمپ انتظامیہ نے ایران پر مزید سخت پابندیوں کا عندیہ بھی دیا ہے۔ جبکہ ایران نے قاسم سلیمانی کے قتل کے بعد،  اپنے عراقی شیعہ سیاستدانوں اور ان کے اتحادیوں کو عراقی پارلیمنٹ میں جا کر امریکی فوج کی 17 سالہ موجودگی کو ختم کرنے کیلئے قرارداد جمع کروا دی ہے۔ جبکہ اس دوران پارلیمنٹ میں سنی اور کرد ارکان پارلیمنٹ کی عدم موجودگی نےبہت سارے سوال کھڑے کر دیے تھے۔

جبکہ گزشتہ دن عراق میں امریکی فوج کے انخلا کیلئے ہونے والے مظاہروں نے امریکی انتظامیہ کی نیندیں اڑا دی ہیں۔ اب سوال یہ ہےکہ، کیا امریکہ مشرق وسطیٰ کو اتنی آسانی سے چھوڑ دے گا؟ اپنی اربوں ڈالر کی سرمایہ کاری کو ایسے ضائع ہونے دے گا؟ 

دنیامیں تیل کے سب سے بڑے ذخائر سے منہ موڑ سکتا ہے یا نہیں؟ آذاد چھوڑ سکتا ہے؟ امریکی انخلا کا سیدھا سیدھا مطلب یہ ہوگا کہ مشرق وسطیٰ کو ایران کے کنٹرول میں دے دیا جائے۔ کیا امریکی اتنے حساس اور جغرافیائی لحاظ سے اہم ترین خطے کو ایران کے گود میں ڈال کر چپ چاپ چلا جائے گا؟

ہر گز نہیں۔ پہلی بات تو یہ ہے امریکہ یہاں سے کسی بھی صورت جانے کیلئے تیار نہیں ہے۔  وہ اس خطے میں اپنا اثر و رسوخ قائم رکھنےکیلئے کسی بھی حد تک جا سکتا ہے۔ جبکہ دوسری طرف امریکہ کی طرف سے اس خطے کو کنٹرول کرنے کیلئے اس کو تقسیم کرنے پربھی غور ہو رہا ہے۔ اس خطے کو سنی اور شیعہ ریاست میں تقسیم کر کے یہاں برصغیر والی کہانی دہرائی جائے گی۔

خودمختار سنی خطہ:۔

عراق میں ایک خودمختار سنی خطے کی تشکیل ہمیشہ امریکی کیلئے ایک آپشن رہا ہے۔ جس پر کسی بھی وقت عمل درآمد کیا جاسکتا تھا۔ کیونکہ امریکی کسی بھی صورت ایران کو شام اور بحیرہ روم تک رسائی دینے کے حق میں نہیں رہا۔ اسی لیے  مغربی عراق میں امریکہ نواز سنی ریاست کا قیام، ایران کو شام سے کاٹ دے گا۔

اور ایران کی حزب اللہ تک رسائی کو مشکل بنا دے گا۔ اور یاد رہے واشنگٹن کے لئے، عراق میں ایسے سنی خطے کو کھڑا کرنے کا خیال جوبائیڈن کے 2007 کی تجویز پر مشتمل ہے۔ جو اب ڈیموکریٹک پارٹی کے صدارتی امیدوار ہونے کے خواہاں ہیں۔

امریکی کے پاس اس سکیم کو عراق  پر نافذ کرنے کیلئے سب سے بہترین موقعہ 2006 سے 2008 کا دورانیہ تھا۔ جب اس خطے میں فرقہ واریت عروج پر تھی۔ لیکن اس وقت عراق پر امریکی کنٹرول مضبوط تھا۔ اسی لیے اس سکیم کو فائلوں تک محدود رکھا گیا تھا۔ لیکن اب امریکی فوجیوں کو عراق سے نکالنے کے مظاہروں میں تیزی نے اس منصوبے میں نئی جان ڈال دی ہے۔

اس تحریر سے متعلق مزید پڑھیے: بوڑھا امریکہ

مشرق وسطیٰ میں امریکہ اپنے اختیار کے بقا کی جنگ لڑ رہا ہے۔ اب متحدہ عراق یا عراقی اتحاد اس کی ترجیح نہیں رہا ہے۔

داعش کے خاتمے کے بعد عراق پر ایران نواز شیعہ سیاستدانوں کے غلبے نے وہاں کے سنی رہنماؤں کو متحدہ عراق کی بجائے، سنی عراق کے بارے سوچنے پر مجبور کر دیا ہے۔ کیونکہ عراقی حکومت میں  شیعہ رہنماؤں نے کچھ فیصلے سنی رہنماؤں کی منظوری یامرضی کے بغیر کیے ہیں۔ 

جبکہ ہم دیکھتے ہیں کہ داعش کے بعد پیدا ہونے والے خلا کو کو پُر کرنے کے لیے عراق میں شیعہ اور سنی گروہوں میں مقابلہ شروع ہوا تھا۔ جس کی وجہ سے یہاں سنی اور شیعہ گروہوں کے درمیان درمیان فاصلے بڑھنے لگے تھے۔ یہ فاصلےاختلافات سے شروع ہوئے تھے۔ اب ان اختلافات کی جگہ نفرت نے لے لی ہے۔  جس کی نتجہ ممکنہ طور پر عراق کی دو حصوں میں تقسیم کی صورت میں برآمد ہو گا۔ عالمی طاقتوں کی مفاد پر اس خطے میں ایک بار پھر فرقہ واریت کو ہوا دی جا رہی ہے۔ جو کہ پہلےسے زیادہ تباہی لائے گی۔

اس تقسیم سے ایران کوکیا فرق؟

آپ میں سے کسی کو معلوم ہو کہ اس تقسیم سے ایران کو کیا فرو پڑنا؟

جواب کمنٹ میں دیجیے

ایران اس تقسیم کے خلاف ہے لیکن ایران اس معاملے میں بے بس نظر آ رہا ہے کیونکہ امریکہ کے ساتھ باقی تمام عرب ریاستیں اس تقسیم کے حق میں ہیں۔ کیونکہ عراق میں شیعہ مخالف سنی ریاست کا قیام عرب ممالک کے مفاد میں ہے۔ اس طرح وہ اس ریاست کوایران کے خلاف جاری جنگ میں ایک ڈھال کے طور پر استعمال کر سکیں گے۔

سنی رہنما اس خطے میں کسی بھی صورت شیعہ بالادستی قبول نہیں کریں گے۔ اس کے بدلے وہ الگ ہونا پسند کریں گے اور امریکیوں کو اپنی سرزمین پر فوجی اڈے دینے سے کبھی انکار نہیں کریں گے۔ کیونکہ مطلوبہ ریاست کے قیام  کے لئے صرف امریکہ ہی ان کی مدد کر سکتا ہے۔ اور اس احسان کا بدلی ابدی غلامی کی صورت میں سود سمیت ادا کیا جائے گا۔

تحریر: عرفان بلوچ

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