The US and the Taliban agreed to end the 18 years of war that cost thousands of lives and bring peace. The Peace deal ensures a pullout of US Troops from Afghanistan within 14 months.
Peace Talks With Taliban In Doha- What Happened There?
The historic peace deal signs in Doha, Qatar on February 29, 2020, by the US envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban’s co-founder Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. Both parties “US & Taliban militant group” agreed to end this longest war. U.S. Secretary Mike Pompeo attended the ceremony as a witness to the signing of the deal. The intra-Afghan peace talks also decided in the coming days.
President Donald Trump said that ‘it’s been a long and difficult journey in Afghanistan. Now its time to bring our people back home’.
He said that ‘US troops have killed and still killing terrorists in Afghanistan. Now its time for someone else to do that job so they will be the Taliban and could be surrounding countries”.
In the Speech in Doha, Mr. Pompeo pushed the Taliban to keep their promises to cut ties with Al-Qaeda. Also, not to allow any extremist group to operate in Afghanistan.
Mr. Abdul Ghani Baradar said that he hoped for Afghanistan to emerge from decades of conflict. He also said that He hopes for the removal of all foreign forces from Afghanistan. Moreover, the Afghan nation under an Islamic regime will take its assistance and start a new prosperous life”.
A second senior administration official said:. If the political settlement fails, if the Taliban peace talks fail, then there is nothing that forces the United States to withdraw troops.
The deal or peace talks with Taliban is a critical foreign policy goal for President Trump, who focused on ending the war.
What’s Inside The Peace Deal To End The War?
- Within 135 days of the Afghan peace talks or the deal, the US will pull out its forces from Afghanistan to 8,600. Also, withdraw 13,000 troops from Afghanistan. Also close five military bases within that time period. This move of US President allows him to show that he has brought troops home before the US presidential election in November.
- The intra-Afghan peace talks were also decided as a part of the deal 10 March 2020 for the purpose of a permanent ceasefire.
- The Prisoner swap between Afghan govt and Taliban decided with the US commitment to support the release of prisoners of both sides. 5,000 Taliban prisoners and 1,000 Afghan force prisoners would exchange to solve Afghan conflict. All should be done before 10 March.
- The peace talks with Taliban stated that the US will remove the militant group members from sanctions lists with the start of Intra Afghan dialogue. Also, The US has to cooperate economically with the new post-settlement Afghan Islamic government.
- Under the Agreement, it was also decided not to allow any extremist group including Alqaeda to use the soil of Afghanistan.
Zahra Husseini who is the activist of Aghanistan says about her fear that the deal could worsen the situation for women in Afghanistan. As she knows how they suppressed women when they were ruling.
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Reactions On The Agreement- Peace Talks With Taliban
- UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres highlighted the importance of supporting the nationwide reduction in violence, in the interest of all Afghans.
- UK Defence Secretary Ben Wallace appreciates Afghan peace talks and this important step towards the chance for Afghans to live in peace and free from terrorism.
- Jens Stoltenberg who is the Nato Secretary-General said that We combined together in 2001. We are going to adjust troop levels together and now we are going to leave together. But we are only going to leave when there is right time conditions are right. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZaxL4OeTns
Background of the Afghan war
It began after 11 September 2001. When Osama Bin laden under the leadership of Alqaeda attacked twin towers of the USA. One month later the US launched airstrikes when the Taliban refused to hand over Osama Bin laden.
However, the Taliban became the insurgent group and destabilize Afghan government. The US joined by the international alliance.
The Combat mission of the international alliance ended in 2014. They stayed in Afghanistan for the purpose of training the Afghan Force. Still, the US continued its scaled-back combat operation, including airstrikes.
Nearly 3,500 members of the international alliance forces have died in Afghanistan since the 2001 invasion. Later the US realized that the war is much costly and now they need to end this war. So the US decided and supported peace talks with Taliban.
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