Passport of Pakistan and immigration are governed by the ministry of interior. So According to the passport Act 1974 and visa manual 2006, passports are issued to Pakistani people. There are three categories of citizenship in Pakistan. i. citizens by birth, ii. citizen by Descent and iii. Also, citizens by migration. Citizens by birth are those Persons who or any of their parents or grandparents born in the territories that are now included in Pakistan before the start of the citizenship act, 1951 are citizens of Pakistan. Any person born in Pakistan after the initiation of the Pakistan Citizenship Act, 1951 is a citizen of Pakistan.
Children of foreign diplomats and children of enemy aliens born in Pakistan are not entering in this category. Persons, who migrated from the territories of Pakistan to other areas of Indo-Pakistan sub-continent for a permanent stay after March 1947 shall also be not considered citizens of Pakistan.
Children of Pakistanis who are born outside of Pakistan are citizens by descent. If the parent of such a child is a citizen by descent himself (as born outside of Pakistan) the child needs to be registered in the nearest consulate or Pakistani mission. Children born to a Pakistani mother and foreign national father, after 18.04.2000, treated as citizens of Pakistan. So, the persons who migrate to Pakistan from the territories in the indo-Pakistan subcontinent before the commencement of the Pakistan Citizenship Act, 1951 listed under the citizens of Pakistan.
History of Pakistani Passport
After independence, Pakistan has changed 7 passports. The first passport of Pakistan issued in 1947 with three languages. English, Bengali, and also Urdu. By 1954, the color green had ousted the beige. The two flags were still there. But the holder’s name now appeared on the cover. The dark green passport remained until 1960. In 1956 when the Constituent Assembly authored and passed the country’s first constitution. It declared Pakistan the Islamic Republic. In 1967, the color of the passport changed back to dark green. In 1974, the passport became bluish-green in color and the Bengali text disappeared. As in 1974, the passport also came with the disclaimer that Pakistanis could not use the passport to travel to Israel.
Now in 1984, major changes made to the Pakistani passport. The country’s official name, though changed to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. In 1973, only appeared on the passports for the first time in 1984. What’s more, the word ‘Passport’ appears not only in English and Urdu but also in Arabic.
In the early 1990s, a few years after the end of the Zia dictatorship. The passport of Pakistan changed again. The green became slightly lighter in color, and the English words ‘Islamic Republic of Pakistan’ was once again pushed up and the Urdu ones pushed down. The Arabic text was removed. But the section noting the holder’s faith remained and so did the declaration denouncing the Ahmadiyya community. Today, only 29 countries provide on-arrival-visas to Pakistanis, most of whom are in Africa. According to a 2016 Henley and Partners Visa Restrictions Report, the Pakistani passport’s value has been rapidly diminishing in the last two decades and it is now one of the least valuable passports in the world. There are three types of Pakistani passports,
Types of Passport Of Pakistan
- First is an ordinary passport, that is issued to all citizens of Pakistan. The Directorate General of Immigration & Passports will issue the Machine Readable Passport (MRP) valid for five years & Ten years subject to fee deposit.
- The second one is a diplomatic passport, given to the Diplomats and also other entitled categories in the conduct of Para-45 of Passport & Visa Manual, 2006. Issuance of Diplomatic Passports is the responsibility of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Following are the policy guidelines on the subject:
1. The class of persons entitled to diplomatic passports.
Grant of diplomatic passports should be strictly confined to the following persons Such as:
- The President of Pakistan.
- The Prime Minister of Pakistan.
- The Chairman of Senate.
- The Speaker of the National Assembly.
- The Chief Justice of Pakistan.
- The Governors of Provinces.
- The Chief Ministers of Provinces.
- The Ministers (including Ministers of State of the Federal Government).
- The Attorney General of Pakistan
- Ex-Chairman of Senate and Ex-Speaker of National Assembly.
- Special Assistants to the Prime Ministers 13. The Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
- All functionaries of the Federal Government with the status of Minister/ Minister of State.
- Officers of grade 17 and above of Pakistan Foreign Service.
- Pakistan nationals holding International Organisations.
- Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chiefs of Army, Naval and Air Staff
2. Children of Diplomatic Passport Holders- Passport Of Pakistan
Children under 15 years of the persons mentioned in (1) above included in their passports. If they require separate passports, then they will not get a diplomatic passport of Pakistan. They will, however, entitled to official passports provided they are covered under Para 9 of Passport & Visa Manual.
3. Spouses of Diplomatic Passport Holders- Passport Of Pakistan
The spouse of a person holding a diplomatic passport entitles as a diplomatic passport. He will hold separate diplomatic passports but only so long as his spouse retains the prescribed office. 3. The third one is an official passport of Pakistan issues to Pakistani Nationals who are Senators, MNAs, Provincial Ministers, Judges of the Supreme Court. Officers serving with the Government and proceeding abroad on official assignments, etc. All person those are the holder of a diplomatic passport when proceeding abroad on official assignments, issued by official passport.
According to the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Pakistan has the sixth-largest diaspora in the world. According to the Pakistani Government, there are around 8 million Pakistani people living abroad with a large majority of them residing in the Middle East. As in 2016, Pakistani embassies in some European countries have begun to provide dual-nationals only. Passport of Pakistan that has ‘Pakistan’ written on them in English and also the words ‘Islamic Republic of Pakistan’ in Urdu only. This cover might slowly adopted for passports held by all Pakistanis in the future.