Libyan Civil War

Libyan Civil War:

A crisis occurred from 22 February 2011 to 20 October 2011 between Libya and a coalition of international actors (mostly NATO members) that were opposed to the brutal repression by Muhammad  Gaddafi’s regime of anti-government protesters and rebel supporters during an emerging Libyan civil war.

The anti-Gaddafi coalition states that experienced a crisis included the United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada, Italy, and Qatar. A dozen other NATO and non-NATO regional actors were also involved in the enforcement of a no-fly zone over Libya.

PRE-CRISIS:

In mid-January 2011, inspired in part by the civil uprising that occurred earlier in Tunisia, small protests began to emerge in Libya, focusing on issues such as corruption, local concerns, and a desire for greater political freedoms. These eventually gave way to mass demonstrations against the Gaddafi regime in Tripoli and Benghazi beginning in early February. By mid-February, protests spread to the rest of the country and civilians began demanding that Gaddafi step down.

The Gaddafi regime responded with a violent repression campaign against demonstrators. Repression escalated significantly beginning on 16 February, and reports of mass killings occurred on 17 and 19 February. This attracted significant attention and condemnation from the international community.

On 16 February, Human Rights Watch called for intervention in Libya, particularly from the members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Then On 18 February, the US condemned the violence and voiced support for democratic reforms and economic openness in Libya and other states that were part of the Arab Spring. On 19 February, the UK called for an immediate end to the use of force against civilians.

On 21 February, Canada also condemned the violence. That day, Ban Ki-Moon, met with Gaddafi and the UN Deputy PR for Libya, Ibrahim Dabbashi, called on the UN. This is to impose a no-fly zone over Tripoli.

Causes:

  1. As Libya has no constitution all laws came from Muammar Qaddafi “Green book” which is based upon socialist and Islamist ideas and against parliament and democracy.
  2. Libya undergoes civil war because two parties who followed Muammar al Gaddafi and the people who opposed him.
  3. Armed protestors in Libya who threat the American government stating that who tried to recover the Oil Tank would ready for war.

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