The Situation Of Education System In Pakistan
Education is the basis for the social & economic growth of every state. According to the Constitution of Pakistan, it is necessary to provide compulsory education to all children between the ages of 5-16 years free of cost. Also, to enhance the adult literacy but unfortunately, the education system in Pakistan ranked below average in world education rankings. At all the levels Pakistan has failed to produce effective human resources for nation-building.
Pakistan has almost 260,903 educational institutions. These institutions facilitate more than 41,018,384 students with the help of almost 1,535,461 teachers. The education system in Pakistan includes180,846 public institutions and 80,057 private institutions. Therefore, 31% of educational institutes are run by the private sector while 69% are public institutes.
The public education system is facing a scarcity of resources as an 89% educational budget reserves for salaries of staff & only 11% is available for development. Also, University-level students lack certain qualities like a research-oriented approach and creativity. There are issues of the poor examination system and the cramming system. So, there are many education problems in Pakistan.
In this article, you are going to get complete information regarding the poor education system in Pakistan and also some recommendations to improve the education sector of Pakistan.
What Is Education?
We can define education as a learning process for the individual to obtain knowledge and understanding of the higher specific objects. The knowledge that individual gain resulting individual has a pattern of thought and behavior in accordance with the education they have attained.
It is a fact that the two brains are not the same. Every parent with two or more children validates that claim. If the doctor advises the same medicine to every patient then the result must be disastrous. This is exactly what happens when one teacher stands in front of 50 students. Each one has different strengths, different needs, different dreams and they forced to learn the same thing the same way.
This is true that “Students lost the ability to do anything practical. The only thing that we learned is consumption.”
Why don’t we get the best out of people.? It is because we only get an education to become good workers, rather than creative thinkers. The current education system in Pakistan dislocates people from their talent.
States Ranked By education
The states actually ranked on the basis of their performance in higher education & also with primary and secondary schooling. The measures included percentages of adults with associate degrees. Also the rates of students completing four or two-year college programs within 150 percent of the normal time. The states also ranked on the rate of children enrolled in preschool and compared in national testing of eighth-graders in math and reading.
Massachusetts is the topmost state for education. It’s followed by New Jersey, Florida, Washington, and New Hampshire as the top five. Seven of the 10 states with the world education rankings also place among the top 10 Best States overall.
Finland education is also among the top rankings globally and is also famous for having no banding systems. In Finland school system all pupils, regardless of ability, are taught in the same classes. As a result, the gap between the weakest and the strongest students is the smallest in the world. Finland education system there is a one-year “pre-school for six-year-olds children. In the Finnish education system, the nine-year compulsory basic comprehensive school starts at the age of six and ending at the age of sixteen. Then they have only one test in their whole life and that test decides whether the student will study further in university or polytechnic or not.
However, the education system in Pakistan is not in any ranking. We are only focusing on cramming the things to just fill the piece of paper in the exams and getting the marks. Today, we judge people by their grades, neglecting their skills and talent. The student got admissions in universities on behalf of their grades.
Education Problems In Pakistan
According to the Human Development Report, Pakistan is placed at 136th position for having just 49.9% educated people. The primary completion rate is 33.8% in females and 47.18% in males in Pakistan, given by Date Center of UNESCO. This shows that people in the 6th largest country in the world are unable to get a basic education.
The education system in Pakistan is deteriorating due to many factors. Here are the following reasons:
- The reason for the education dilemma is the poverty that restricts the parents to send their children to schools. They prefer to send their children to madrassas where education is free.
- Another reason for the poor education system in Pakistan is the low allocation of funds for the education sector with no check and balance on the funds.
- Regional inequality is another cause. The schools in Baluchistan are not that much groomed as compared to Punjab. In FATA, the literacy rate is poor as 29.5% in males and 3% in females.
- The education system of Pakistan is influenced by a number of factors. Such as low enrollment and high failure rate at the primary level, lack of interpersonal skills. Different standards of education, political interference, and low quality of curriculum and textbooks.
- There is a lack of technical education in Pakistan’s educational policy that has never been concentrated before. Therefore, less technical people mean less development.
- The educational system of Pakistan is based on inequality. The medium of education is different in both, public and private sectors. This creates a sort of inequality among people.
Analysis Of Education System In Pakistan
Pakistan shows its responsibility to promote a high literacy rate in the country by developing more education policies at a domestic level. Also by getting involved in international commitments on education. For this purpose, national education policies are the visions that suggest plans to increase literacy rate, capacity building. MDGs and EFA programs are worldwide commitments of Pakistan to increase the literacy rate in Pakistan.
The goal of MDGs is to achieve Universal Primary Education. By 2015, children from everywhere will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling. By 2014, the enrolment statistics show an increase in the enrolment of students of age 3-16 years while the dropout rate decreased. Still, the need for increasing enrolment of students remains high to achieve MDGs target. Another goal was Promoting Gender Equality and also Women Empowerment. The aim was to eliminate gender inequality in the primary and secondary education systems in Pakistan by 2005. Also, from all levels of education not later than 2015. The national literacy rate of the male was 71% while that of females was 48% in 2012-13.
The Vision 2030 Of Pakistan
The vision 2030 of the Planning Commission of Pakistan focuses on the academic environment which promotes the thinking mind. So the goal under Vision 2030 is basically one curriculum and also one national examination system in the education system in Pakistan under state responsibility. There are strategies to achieve the goal included:
- Increasing public expenditure on education and also skills generation from 2.7% of GDP to 5% by 2010 and 7% by 2015.
- Re-introduce the technical and vocational stream 25-30% of all secondary schools by 2015.ly
- Improve the scale and quality of education in general and the scale and quality of scientific-technical education in Pakistan in specially.
How To Improve The Education System In Pakistan?
The analysis suggests that at the policy level there are numerous worthy ideas, but practically there are some shortcomings also. Here are some recommendations to observe the best education system in the world.
- Technical education should be promoted as a part of secondary education. Proper classes for carpentry, electrical, and other technical education must be covered in the curriculum.
- The majority of the population living in rural areas and access to education is a major issue. So the government should observe a balanced approach for formal and informal education.
- The government should grant economic incentives to the students to encourage the parents to send their children to school.
- An effective monitoring system is necessary for education departments to eradicate corruption.
- Legislation and structure are necessary to plan for the promotion of education in the country and to adopt the modern education system. So, After the 18th amendment, education has become a provincial subject. therefore, the provinces should form legislations and design educational policies that ensure the best education system.
- Unemployment is a basic issue for men and women in Pakistan. There should be career counseling of the pupils in schools so that they have an understanding of the job market and also develop their skills.
- Proper counseling of parents is also important so that they can choose a career for their child according to the choice of their children.
- The mind-set of sending children to schools and universities only for becoming officers and managers should be changed.
- The cramming system should eradicate from the education system in Pakistan and the conceptual study should be promoted.
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